Work, Power And Energy Class 9 Notes – Here We have provided summary and revision notes for Class 9 Science Chapter 11. This CBSE notes contains CBSE Key Notes, CBSE Revision Notes, Short Key Notes, images, diagrams of the complete Chapter 11 titled Work, Power And Energy of Science taught in class 9. If you are a student of class 9 who is using NCERT Textbook to study Science, then you must come across Chapter 11 Work, Power And Energy. After you have studied lesson, you must be looking for notes to memorize. Here you can get complete Chapter 11 Work, Power And Energy class 9 notes in one place. For a better understanding of this chapter, you should also see NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science Chapter 11 Work, Power And Energy.
CBSE Class 9 Science Notes Chapter 11 Work, Power and Energy Pdf free download is part of Class 9 Science Notes for Quick Revision. Here we have given NCERT Class 9 Science Notes Chapter 11 Work, Power and Energy.
CBSE Class 9 Science Notes Chapter 11 Work, Power and Energy
Facts that Matter
Work: When a force acts on an object and the object shows displacement, the force has done work on the object.
Two conditions need to be satisfied for work to be done:
(i) A force should act on object
(a) The object must be displaced
Work = Force x Displacement Unit of workdone = Joule = Newton x metre 1 Joule work is said to be done when 1 Newton force is applied on an object and it shows the displacement by 1 meter.
The capacity of a body to do work is called the energy of the body.
Unit of energy = Joules 1KJ = 1000 J
Forms of Energy: The various forms of energy are potential energy, kinetic energy, heat energy, chemical energy, electrical energy and light energy.
Kinetic Energy: Energy possessed by a body due to its motion. Kinetic energy of an object increases with its speed.
Kinetic energy of body moving with a certain velocity = work done on it to make it acquire that velocity
Let an object of mass m, move with uniform velocity u, let us displace it by s, due to constant force F, acting on it
The energy possessed by a body due to its position or shape is called its potential energy.
Gravitational Potential Energy: (GP)
When an object is raised through a height, work is said to be done on it against gravity.
The energy possessed by such an object is called the gravitational potential energy.
GPE = work is done in raising a body from the ground to a point against gravity.
Consider a body with mass m, raised through a height h, from the ground, Force required to raise the object = weight of object mg.
The object gains energy to the work done on it.
Work done in both the cases (i) and (ii) is same as a body is raised from position A to B, even if the path taken is different but the height attained is the same.
Mechanical Energy: The sum of kinetic energy and potential energy is called mechanical energy.
Law of Conservation of Energy:
Energy can neither be created nor destroyed, it can only be transformed from one form to another. The total energy before and after transformation remains the same.
Potential energy + Kinetic energy = Constant (Mechanical energy)
A body of mass ‘m’ is raised to height ‘h’ at A its potential energy is maximum and kinetic energy is 0 as it is stationary.
When body falls at B, h is decreasing hence potential energy decreases and V is increasing hence kinetic energy is increasing.
When the body is about to reach the ground level, h = 0, v will be maximum hence kinetic energy –> potential energy
Decrease in potential energy = Increase in kinetic energy
This shows the continual transformation of gravitational potential energy into kinetic energy.
Commercial Unit of Energy
NCERT Notes for Class 9 Science
- Chapter 1 Matter in Our Surroundings Class 9 Notes
- Chapter 2 Is Matter Around Us Pure Class 9 Notes
- Chapter 3 Atoms and Molecules Class 9 Notes
- Chapter 4 Structure of the Atom Class 9 Notes
- Chapter 5 The Fundamental Unit of Life Class 9 Notes
- Chapter 6 Tissues Class 9 Notes
- Chapter 7 Diversity in Living Organisms Class 9 Notes
- Chapter 8 Motion Class 9 Notes
- Chapter 9 Force and Laws of Motion Class 9 Notes
- Chapter 10 Gravitation Class 9 Notes
- Chapter 11 Work, Power And Energy Class 9 Notes
- Chapter 12 Sound Class 9 Notes
- Chapter 13 Why Do we Fall ill Class 9 Notes
- Chapter 14 Natural Resources Class 9 Notes
- Chapter 15 Improvement in Food Resources Class 9 Notes
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