NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Chemistry : The NCERT solutions provided here will enhance the concepts of the students, as well as suggest alternative methods to solve particular problems to the teachers. The target is to direct individuals towards problem solving strategies, rather than solving problems in one prescribed format. The links below provide the detailed solutions for all the Class 12 Chemistry problems.
Chemistry is much more than the language of Science. We have made sure that our solutions reflect the same. We aim to aid the students with answering the questions correctly, using logical approach and methodology. The NCERT Solutions provide ample material to enable students to form a good base with the fundamentals of the subject.
Class 12 Chemistry NCERT Solutions (2023-24)
The solutions have been especially designed to help the students write concise answers in the board examinations, as well as prepare well for objective questions that the students face in JEE and NEET.
- Chapter 1 The Solid State
- Chapter 2 Solutions
- Chapter 3 Electro chemistry
- Chapter 4 Chemical Kinetics
- Chapter 5 Surface Chemistry
- Chapter 6 General Principles and Processes of Isolation of Elements
- Chapter 7 The p Block Elements
- Chapter 8 The d and f Block Elements
- Chapter 9 Coordination Compounds
- Chapter 10 Haloalkanes and Haloarenes
- Chapter 11 Alcohols Phenols and Ethers
- Chapter 12 Aldehydes Ketones and Carboxylic Acids
- Chapter 13 Amines
- Chapter 14 Biomolecules
- Chapter 15 Polymers
- Chapter 16 Chemistry in Everyday Life
Class 12 Chemistry Chapter 1 The Solid State
This chapter deals with the solid state. It is comprised of 11 subtopics. This chapter deals with crystalline and amorphous solids, as well as imperfections in solids. It explains the unit cell in detail, and then builds up to explain the solid state. The solutions are made in accordance with the NCERT text. It justifies the concepts explained in the textbook, and helps the students reinforce the fundamentals.
Class 12 Chemistry Chapter 2 Solutions
The second chapter deals with types of solutions, and their properties. The concepts dealt with are Raoult’s law, concentration of solutions, vapor pressure of liquid solutions, abnormal molar masses, and colligative properties. The back and in-chapter exercises are made to reinforce the concepts, and the solutions aid the students in the same. This chapter promises a chunk of 5 marks in the Board exam.
Class 12 Chemistry Chapter 3 Electrochemistry
This chapter deals with the electrochemical cell. Students also learn about the galvanic cell and the electrolytic cell. The chapter explains the standard potential of the cell, Gibbs energy of cell reaction, and the relation with the equilibrium constant. The students will learn the Kohlrausch Law and its applications.
Class 12 Chemistry Chapter 4 Chemical Kinetics
This chapter deals with the kinetics, or the rate of a reaction. The topics covered include the factors affecting the rate of a reaction, the integrated rate equation, Pseudo First Order reactions, and the collision theory of chemical reactions. This chapter is responsible from engineering and medical sciences point of view too.
Class 12 Chemistry Chapter 5 Surface Chemistry
The fifth chapter deals with emulsions, adsorption, adsorption isotherms, factors controlling adsorption of gases and liquids, and catalysts and their role in industry. The chapter further explores colloids and their applications.
Class 12 Chemistry 6 General Principles and Processes of Isolation of Elements
This chapter deal with the inorganic chemistry portion of the syllabus. The chapter explores the occurence of metals, the concentration of ores, cleaning and extraction, of crude metal from ores, thermodynamic and electrochemical principles of metallurgy, and the refining process
Class 12 Chemistry Chapter 7 p Block Elements
The chapter deals with the Group 15 elements, Oxides of Nitrogen, Allotropes of Phosphorus, Group 16 elements, simple oxides, allotropes of sulfur, chlorine, and other elements.
Class 12 Chemistry Chapter 8 d and f Block Elements
The chapter deals with the properties of transition elements, colored ions and complex compounds, variation in sizes of elements, ionization enthalpies, magnetic properties, and oxidation states. The chapter deals with d block elements and their properties and variations.
Class 12 Chemistry Chapter 9 Coordination Compounds
The compounds dealt with here, are relatively and the concepts are novel, and therefore the students are required to pay special attention to the chapter. The chapter explains Werner’s theory of Coordination compounds, Bonding in Coordination compounds, Nomenclature, Isomerism and others. The chapter can be well understood through the exercises and solutions, that help to reinforce the fundamentals.
Class 12 Chemistry Chapter 10 Haloalkanes and Haloarenes
Students learn the concepts of IUPAC nomenclature of Haloalkanes and Haloarenes. They will also learn the applications of organometallic reactions, preparation of haloalkanes and haloarenes, and stereochemistry. The students also learn to design the reaction mechanism.
Class 12 Chemistry Chapter 11 Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers
This chapter also begins with the IUPAC nomenclature of alcohols, phenols and ethers. They also deal with the preparation of alcohols, phenols, and ethers. They further explore the properties of the same.
Class 12 Chemistry Chapter 12 Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids
The next ones in line are the aldehydes, ketones and carboxylic acids. The IUPAC names, to start with, the chapter explores their preparation methods, the key reactions, characteristic tests, and other properties.
Class 12 Chemistry Chapter 13 Amines
The ten subtopics include the preparation methods, the physical properties, the chemical reactions, the methods to prepare diazonium salts, the importance of diazonium salts in synthesis of Aromatic Compounds.
Class 12 Chemistry Chapter 14 Biomolecules
In this chapter, students learn about biomolecules like glucose, fructose, starch, glycogen, etc. They get to learn about the structure, the classes, and the properties of carbohydrates and proteins. They also learn about the reactions of some biomolecules.
Class 12 Chemistry Chapter 15 Polymers
This chapter deals with the science of polymers, the various types of polymers, whether addition or condensation, linear or cross linked, their reactions, and their properties. This chapter also deals with some well known polymers and their applications.
Class 12 Chemistry Chapter 16 Chemistry in Everyday Life
This chapter deals with the importance of chemistry in everyday life, mainly drug action, drug classification and uses, and the target interaction, along with chemicals in food and cleansing agents.
NCERT textbooks are prescribed by CBSE as the best books for preparation of the school as well as board examinations. Designed in a fairly simple language, we have made sure that the solutions cover all the fundamental concepts. The solutions are hundred percent error free, and easily comprehensible.