## RD Sharma Class 10 Solutions Chapter 10 Circles

### RD Sharma Class 10 Solutions Circles Exercise 10.1

Question 1.

Fill in the blanks :

(i) The common point of a tangent and the circle is called ……….

(ii) A circle may have ………. parallel tangents.

(iii) A tangent to a circle intersects it in ……….. point(s).

(iv) A line intersecting a circle in two points is called a …………

(v) The angle between tangent at a point on a circle and the radius through the point is ………..

Solution:

(i) The common point of a tangent and the circle is called the point of contact.

(ii) A circle may have two parallel tangents.

(iii) A tangents to a circle intersects it in one point.

(iv) A line intersecting a circle in two points is called a secant.

(v) The angle between tangent at a point, on a circle and the radius through the point is 90°.

Question 2.

How many tangents can a circle have ?

Solution:

A circle can have infinitely many tangents.

Question 3.

O is the centre of a circle of radius 8 cm. The tangent at a point A on the circle cuts a line through O at B such that AB = 15 cm. Find OB.

Solution:

Radius OA = 8 cm, ST is the tangent to the circle at A and AB = 15 cm

OA ⊥ tangent TS

In right ∆OAB,

OB² = OA² + AB² (Pythagoras Theorem)

= (8)² + (15)² = 64 + 225 = 289 = (17)²

OB = 17 cm

Question 4.

If the tangent at a point P to a circle with centre O cuts a line through O at Q such that PQ = 24 cm and OQ = 25 cm. Find the radius of the circle.

Solution:

OP is the radius and TS is the tangent to the circle at P

OQ is a line

OP ⊥ tangent TS

In right ∆OPQ,

OQ² = OP² + PQ² (Pythagoras Theorem)

=> (25)² = OP² + (24)²

=> 625 = OP² + 576

=> OP² = 625 – 576 = 49

=> OP² = (7)²

OP = 7 cm

Hence radius of the circle is 7 cm

RD Sharma Class 10 Solutions Chapter 10 Circles Exercise 10.1

RD Sharma Class 10 Solutions Chapter 10 Circles Exercise 10.2

Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q5 Q6 Q7 Q8 Q9 Q10 Q11 Q12 Q13 Q14 Q15 Q16 Q17 Q18 Q19 Q20 Q21 Q22 Q23 Q24 Q25 Q26 Q27 Q28 Q29 Q30

More Resources For Class 10

RD Sharma Class 10 SolutionsCirclesClass 10 Maths Sample Papers

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