To obtain a lens combination with the specified focal.length by using two lenses from the given set of lenses
To obtain a lens combination with the specified focal length by using two lenses from the given set of lenses.
Apparatus and material
Apparatus. No particular apparatus is needed.
Material. A set of thin convex lenses, one of these is of given focal length (say 15 cm), (we have to select a second lens such that the combination gives a single lens of focal length fc = 10 cm), lens holder with stand, a white painted vertical wooden board with broad stand, half metre scale.
- The reciprocal of focal length in metre is called power of lens in dioptre (D).
- With a convex lens, the real image of a distant object is formed at a distance equal to its focal length.
- If f1 and f2 be the focal lengths of the two lenses and F be the focal length of the combination.
- Keep the white painted vertical wooden board to serve as a screen.
- The convex lens (known focal length f1 = 15 cm), fixed into a holder stand is put on the left of the screen. There are sunlight illuminated green trees at large distance on the left of the lens.
- The lens is moved towards and away from the screen till a sharp, inverted image of
trees is formed on the screen.
- Distance between central lines of the screen and holder stand is measured by a half
- The distance gives the focal length of the convex lens about 15 cm.
- Replace first lens by second convex lens of required power and repeat the steps from 2 to 5. This gives the focal length of second convex lens.
- Now bring both lenses in contact and repeat the steps from 2 to 5. This gives the
combined focal length.
- Determine the focal length with other given lens. Determine the focal length of about six of the convex lenses.
Following combinations will be suitable.
The above combinations may be tried and result verified.
- Thin lenses should be taken.
- Lenses should have same aperture.
Sources of error
- Lenses may not be thin.
- Lens apertures may not be same.