## RD Sharma Solutions for Class 9 Chapter 15 Areas of Parallelograms and Triangles

### RD Sharma Class 9 Chapter 15 Areas of Parallelograms and Triangles Ex 15.1

Question 1.

Fill in the blanks: [NCERT]

(i) All points lying inside / outside a circle are called …….. points / ………. points.

(ii) Circles having the same centre and different radii are called …….. circles.

(iii) A point whose distance from the centre of a circle is greater than its radius lies in …….. of the circle.

(iv) A continuous piece of a circle is …….. of the circle.

(v) The longest chord of a circle is a ……… of the circle.

(vi) An arc is a …….. when its ends are the ends of a diameter.

(vii) Segment of a circle is the region between an are and ……..of the circle.

(viii)A circle divides the plane, on which it lies, in …….. parts.

Solution:

(i) All points lying inside / outside a circle are called interior points / exterior points.

(ii) Circles having the same centre and different radii are called concentric circles.

(iii) A point whose distance from the centre of a circle is greater than its radius lies in exterior of the circle.

(iv) A continuous piece of a circle is arc of the circle.

(v) The longest chord of a circle is a diameter of the circle.

(vi) An arc is a semi-circle when its ends are the ends of a diameter.

(vii) Segment of a circle is the region between an arc and centre of the circle.

(viii) A circle divides the plane, on which it lies, in three parts.

Question 2.

Write the truth value (T/F) of the following with suitable reasons: [NCERT]

(i) A circle is a plane figure.

(ii) Line segment joining the centre to any point on the circle is a radius of the circle.

(iii) If a circle is divided into three equal arcs each is a major arc.

(iv) A circle has only finite number of equal chords.

(v) A chord of a cirlce, which is twice as long is its radius is a diameter of the circle.

(vi) Sector is the region between the chord and its corresponding arc.

(vii) The degree measure of an arc is the complement of the central angle containing the arc.

(viii)The degree measure of a semi-circle is 180°.

Solution:

(i) True.

(ii) True.

(iii) True.

(iv) False. As it has infinite number of equal chords.

(v) True.

(vi) False. It is a segment not sector.

(vii) False. As total degree measure of a circle is 360°.

(viii) True.

### RD Sharma Solutions Class 9 Chapter 15 Areas of Parallelograms and Triangles Ex 15.2

Question 1.

The radius of a circle is 8 cm and the length of one of its chords is 12 cm. Find the distance of the chord from the centre.

Solution:

Radius of circle with centre O is OA = 8 cm

Length of chord AB = 12 cm

OC ⊥ AB which bisects AB at C

∴ AC = CB = 12 x \(\frac { 1 }{ 2 }\) = 6 cm

In ∆OAC,

OA2 = OC2 + AC2 (Pythagoras Theorem)

⇒ (8)2 = OC2 + (6)2

⇒ 64 = OC2 + 36

OC2 = 64 – 36 = 28

∴ OC = \(\sqrt { 28 } \) = \(\sqrt { 4×7 } \) cm

= 2 x 2.6457 = 5.291 cm

Question 2.

Find the length of a chord which is at a distance of 5 cm from the centre of a circle of radius 10 cm.

Solution:

Let AB be a chord of a circle with radius 10 cm. OC ⊥ AB

∴ OA = 10 cm

OC = 5 cm

∵ OC divides AB into two equal parts

i.e. AC = CB

Now in right AOAC,

OA2 = OC2 + AC2 (Pythagoras Theorem)

⇒ (10)2 = (5)2 + AC2

⇒ 100 = 25 + AC2

⇒ AC2 = 100 – 25 = 75

∴ AC = \(\sqrt { 75 } \)= \(\sqrt { 25×3 } \) = 5 x 1.732

∴ AB = 2 x AC = 2 x 5 x 1.732 = 10 x 1.732 = 17.32 cm

Question 3.

Find the length of a chord which is at a distance of 4 cm from the centre of the circle of radius 6 cm.

Solution:

In a circle with centre O and radius 6 cm and a chord AB at a distance of 4 cm from the centre of the circle

i.e. OA = 6 cm and OL ⊥ AB, OL = 4 cm

∵ Perpendicular OL bisects the chord AB at L 1

∴ AL = LB=\(\frac { 1 }{ 2 }\) AB

Now in right ∆OAL,

OA2 = OL2 + AL2 (Pythagoras Theorem)

(6)2 = (4)2 + AL2

⇒ 36=16+AL2

⇒ AL2 = 36 – 16 = 20

∴ AL = \(\sqrt { 20 } \) = \(\sqrt { 4×5 } \) = 2 x 2.236 = 4.472 cm

∴ Chord AB = 4.472 x 2 = 8.944 = 8.94 cm

Question 4.

Give a method to find the centre of a given circle.

Solution:

Steps of construction :

(i) Take three distinct points on the circle say A, B and C.

(ii) Join AB and AC.

(iii) Draw the perpendicular bisectors of AB and AC which intersect each other at O.

O is the required centre of the given circle

Question 5.

Prove that a diameter of a circle which bisects a chord of the circle also bisects the angle subtended by the chord at the centre of the circle.

Solution:

Given : In circle with centre O

CD is the diameter and AB is the chord

which is bisected by diameter at E

OA and OB are joined

To prove : ∠AOB = ∠BOA

Proof : In ∆OAE and ∆OBE

OA = OB (Radii of the circle)

OE = OE (Common)

AE = EB (Given)

∴ ∆OAE = ∆OBE (SSS criterian)

∴ ∠AOE = ∠BOE (c.p.c.t.)

Hence diameter bisect the angle subtended by the chord AB.

Question 6.

A line segment AB is of length 5 cm. Draw a circle of radius 4 cm passing through A and B. Can you draw a circle of radius 2 cm passing through A and B? Give reason in support of your answer.

Solution:

Steps of construction :

(i) Draw a line segment AB = 5 cm.

(ii) Draw a perpendicular bisector of AB.

(iii) With centre A and radius 4 cm, draw an arc which intersects the perpendicular bisector at O.

(iv) With centre O and radius 4 cm, draw a circle which passes through A and B.

With radius 2 cm, we cannot draw the circle passing through A and B as diameter

i. e. 2 + 2 = 4 cm is shorder than 5 cm.

Question 7.

An equilateral triangle of side 9 cm is inscribed in a circle. Find the radius of the circle.

Solution:

Steps of construction :

(i) Draw a line segment BC = 9 cm.

(ii) With centres B and C, draw arcs of 9 cm radius which intersect each other at A.

(iii) Join AB and AC.

∆ABC is the required triangle.

(iv) Draw perpendicular bisectors of sides AB and BC which intersect each other at O.

(v) With centre O and radius OB, draw a circle which passes through A, B and C.

This is the require circle in which ∆ABC is inscribed.

On measuring its radius, it is 5.2 cm

Question 8.

Given an arc of a circle, complete the circle.

Solution:

Steps of construction :

(i) Take three points A, B and C on the arc and join AB and BC.

(ii) Draw the perpendicular bisector of AB and BC which intersect each other at O.

(iii) With centre O and radius OA or OB, complete the circle.

This is the required circle.

Question 9.

Draw different pairs of circles. How many points does each pair have in common? What is the maximum number of common points?

Solution:

Below, three different pairs of circles are drawn:

(i) In the first pair, two circles do not intersect each other. Therefore they have no point in common. .

(ii) In the second pair, two circles intersect (touch) each other at one point P. Therefore they have one point in common.

(iii) In the third pair, two circles intersect each other at two points. Therefore they have two points in common.

There is no other possibility of two circles intersecting each other.

Therefore, two circles have at the most two points in common.

Question 10.

Suppose you are given a circle. Give a construction to find its centre.

Solution:

See Q. No. 4 of this exercise.

Question 11.

The length of two parallel chords of a circle are 6 cm and 8 cm. If the smaller chord is at a distance of 4 cm from the centre, what is the distance of the other chord from the centre? [NCERT]

Solution:

A circle with centre O and two parallel chords

AB and CD are AB = 6 cm, CD = 8 cm

Let OL ⊥ AB and OM ⊥ CD

∴ OL = 4 cm

Let OM = x cm

Let r be the radius of the circle

Question 12.

Two chords AB, CD of lengths 5 cm and 11 cm respectively of a circle are parallel. If the distance between AB and CD is 3 cm, find the radius of the circle.

Solution:

Let two chords AB and CD of length 5 cm and 11 cm are parallel to each other AB = 5 cm, CD = 11 cm

Distance between AB and LM = 3 cm

Join OB and OD

OL and OM are the perpendicular on CD and AB respectively. Which bisects AB and CD.

Let OL = x, then OM = (x + 3)

Now in right ∆OLD,

OD2 = OL2 + LD2

= x2 + (5.5)2

Similarly in right ∆OMB,

OB2 = OM2 + MB2 = (x + 3)2 + (2.5)2

But OD = OB (Radii of the circle)

∴ (x + 3)2 + (2.5)2 = x2 + (5.5)2

x2 + 6x + 9 + 6.25 = x2 + 30.25

6x = 30.25 – 6.25 – 9 = 15

Question 13.

Prove that the line joining the mid-point of a chord to the centre of the circle passes through the mid-point of the corresponding minor arc.

Solution:

Given : A circle with centre O and a chord AB

Let M be the mid point of AB and OM is joined and produced to meet the minor arc AB at N

To prove : M is the mid point of arc AB

Construction : Join OA, OB

Proof: ∵ M is mid point of AB

∴ OM ⊥ AB

In AOAM and OBM,

OA = OB (Radii of the circle)

OM = OM (common)

AM = BM (M is mid point of AB)

∴ ∆OAM = ∆OBM (SSS criterian)

∴ ∠AOM = ∠BOM (c.p.c.t.)

⇒ ∠AOM = ∠BOM

But these are centre angles at the centre made by arcs AN and BN

∴ Arc AN = Arc BN

Hence N divides the arc in two equal parts

Question 14.

Prove that two different circles cannot intersect each other at more than two points.

Solution:

Given : Two circles

To prove : They cannot intersect each other more than two points

Construction : Let two circles intersect each other at three points A, B and C

Proof : Since two circles with centres O and O’ intersect at A, B and C

∴ A, B and C are non-collinear points

∴ Circle with centre O passes through three points A, B and C

and circle with centre O’ also passes through three points A, B and C

But one and only one circle can be drawn through three points

∴Our supposition is wrong

∴ Two circle cannot intersect each other not more than two points.

Question 15.

Two chords AB and CD of lengths 5 cm and 11 cm respectively of a circle are parallel to each other and are opposite side of its centre. If the distance between AB and CD is 6 cm, find the radius of the circle. [NCERT]

Solution:

Let r be the radius of the circle with centre O.

Two parallel chords AB = 5 cm, CD = 11 cm

Let OL ⊥ AB and OM ⊥CD

∴ LM = 6 cm

Let OM = x, then

OL = 6 – x

### Class 9 Maths Chapter 15 Areas of Parallelograms and Triangles RD Sharma Solutions Ex 15.3

Question 1.

Three girls Ishita, Isha and Nisha are playing a game by standing on a circle of radius 20 m drawn in a park. Ishita throws a ball to Isha, Isha to Nisha and Nisha to Ishita. If the distance between Ishita and Isha and between Isha and Nisha is 24 m each, what is the distance between Ishita and Nisha. [NCERT]

Solution:

∵ Distance between Isha and Ishita and Ishita and Nisha is same

∴ RS = SM = 24 m

∴They are equidistant from the centre

In right ∆ORL,

OL² = OR² – RL²

Hence distance between Ishita and Nisha = 38.4 m

Question 2.

A circular park of radius 40 m is situated in a colony. Three beys Ankur, Amit and Anand are sitting at equal distance on its boundary each having a toy telephone in his hands to talk to each other. Find thelength of the string of each phone. [NCERT]

Solution:

Radius of circular park = 40 m

Ankur, Amit and Anand are sitting at equal distance to each other By joining them, an equilateral triangle ABC is formed produce BO to L which is perpendicular bisector of AC

∴ BL = 40 + 20 = 60 m (∵ O is centroid of ∆ABC also)

Let a be the side of ∆ABC

Hence the distance between each other = 40\(\sqrt { 3 } \) mRD Sharma Mathematics Class 9 Solutions Chapter 15 Areas of Parallelograms and Triangles

### RD Sharma Mathematics Class 9 Solutions Chapter 15 Areas of Parallelograms and Triangles Ex 15.4

Question 1.

In the figure, O is the centre of the circle. If ∠APB = 50°, find ∠AOB and ∠OAB.

Solution:

Arc AB, subtends ∠AOB at the centre and ∠APB at the remaining part of the circle

∴∠AOB = 2∠APB = 2 x 50° = 100°

Join AB

∆AOB is an isosceles triangle in which

OA = OB

∴ ∠OAB = ∠OBA But ∠AOB = 100°

∴∠OAB + ∠OBA = 180° – 100° = 80°

⇒ 2∠OAB = 80°

80°

∴∠OAB = \(\frac { { 80 }^{ \circ } }{ 2 }\) = 40°

Question 2.

In the figure, O is the centre of the circle. Find ∠BAC.

Solution:

In the circle with centre O

∠AOB = 80° and ∠AOC =110°

∴ ∠BOC = ∠AOB + ∠AOC

= 80°+ 110°= 190°

∴ Reflex ∠BOC = 360° – 190° = 170°

Now arc BEC subtends ∠BOC at the centre and ∠BAC at the remaining part of the circle.

∴ ∠BOC = 2∠BAC

⇒ 170° = 2∠BAC

⇒ ∠BAC = \(\frac { { 170 }^{ \circ } }{ 2 }\) = 85°

∴ ∠BAC = 85°

Question 3.

If O is the centre of the circle, find the value of x in each of the following figures:

Solution:

(i) A circle with centre O

∠AOC = 135°

But ∠AOC + ∠COB = 180° (Linear pair)

⇒ 135° + ∠COB = 180°

⇒ ∠COB = 180°- 135° = 45°

Now arc BC subtends ∠BOC at the centre and ∠BPC at the remaining part of the circle

∴ ∠BOC = 2∠BPC

⇒ ∠BPC = \(\frac { 1 }{ 2 }\)∠BOC = \(\frac { 1 }{ 2 }\) x 45° = \(\frac { { 45 }^{ \circ } }{ 2 }\)

∴ ∠BPC = 22 \(\frac { 1 }{ 2 }\)° or x = 22 \(\frac { 1 }{ 2 }\)°

(ii) ∵ CD and AB are the diameters of the circle with centre O

∠ABC = 40°

But in ∆OBC,

OB = OC (Radii of the circle)

∠OCB = ∠OBC – 40°

Now in ABCD,

∠ODB + ∠OCB + ∠CBD = 180° (Angles of a triangle)

⇒ x + 40° + 90° = 180°

⇒ x + 130° = 180°

⇒ x = 180° – 130° = 50°

∴ x = 50°

(iii) In circle with centre O,

∠AOC = 120°, AB is produced to D

∵ ∠AOC = 120°

and ∠AOC + convex ∠AOC = 360°

⇒ 120° + convex ∠AOC = 360°

∴ Convex ∠AOC = 360° – 120° = 240°

∴ Arc APC Subtends ∠AOC at the centre and ∠ABC at the remaining part of the circle

∴ ∠ABC = \(\frac { 1 }{ 2 }\)∠AOC = \(\frac { 1 }{ 2 }\)x 240° = 120°

But ∠ABC + ∠CBD = 180° (Linear pair)

⇒ 120° + x = 180°

⇒ x = 180° – 120° = 60°

∴ x = 60°

(iv) A circle with centre O and ∠CBD = 65°

But ∠ABC + ∠CBD = 180° (Linear pair)

⇒ ∠ABC + 65° = 180°

⇒ ∠ABC = 180°-65°= 115°

Now arc AEC subtends ∠x at the centre and ∠ABC at the remaining part of the circle

∴ ∠AOC = 2∠ABC

⇒ x = 2 x 115° = 230°

∴ x = 230°

(v) In circle with centre O

AB is chord of the circle, ∠OAB = 35°

In ∆OAB,

OA = OB (Radii of the circle)

∠OBA = ∠OAB = 35°

But in ∆OAB,

∠OAB + ∠OBA + ∠AOB = 180° (Angles of a triangle)

⇒ 35° + 35° + ∠AOB = 180°

⇒ 70° + ∠AOB = 180°

⇒ ∠AOB = 180°-70°= 110°

∴ Convex ∠AOB = 360° -110° = 250°

But arc AB subtends ∠AOB at the centre and ∠ACB at the remaining part of the circle.

∴∠ACB = \(\frac { 1 }{ 2 }\)∠AOB

⇒ x = \(\frac { 1 }{ 2 }\) x 250° = 125°

∴ x= 125°

(vi) In the circle with centre O,

BOC is its diameter, ∠AOB = 60°

Arc AB subtends ∠AOB at the centre of the circle and ∠ACB at the remaining part of the circle

∴ ∠ACB = \(\frac { 1 }{ 2 }\) ∠AOB

= \(\frac { 1 }{ 2 }\) x 60° = 30°

But in ∆OAC,

OC = OA (Radii of the circle)

∴ ∠OAC = ∠OCA = ∠ACB

⇒ x = 30°

(vii) In the circle, ∠BAC and ∠BDC are in the same segment

∴ ∠BDC = ∠BAC = 50°

Now in ABCD,

∠DBC + ∠BCD + ∠BDC = 180° (Angles of a triangle)

⇒ 70° + x + 50° = 180°

⇒ x + 120° = 180° ⇒ x = 180° – 120° = 60°

∴ x = 60°

(viii) In circle with centre O,

∠OBD = 40°

AB and CD are diameters of the circle

∠DBA and ∠ACD are in the same segment

∴ ∠ACD = ∠DBA = 40°

In AOAC, OA = OC (Radii of the circle)

∴ ∠OAC = ∠OCA = 40°

and ∠OAC + ∠OCA + ∠AOC = 180° (Angles in a triangle)

⇒ 40° + 40° + x = 180°

⇒ x + 80° = 180° ⇒ x = 180° – 80° = 100°

∴ x = 100°

(ix) In the circle, ABCD is a cyclic quadrilateral ∠ADB = 32°, ∠DAC = 28° and ∠ABD = 50°

∠ABD and ∠ACD are in the same segment of a circle

∴ ∠ABD = ∠ACD ⇒ ∠ACD = 50°

Similarly, ∠ADB = ∠ACB

⇒ ∠ACB = 32°

Now, ∠DCB = ∠ACD + ∠ACB

= 50° + 32° = 82°

∴ x = 82°

(x) In a circle,

∠BAC = 35°, ∠CBD = 65°

∠BAC and ∠BDC are in the same segment

∴ ∠BAC = ∠BDC = 35°

In ∆BCD,

∠BDC + ∠BCD + ∠CBD = 180° (Angles in a triangle)

⇒ 35° + x + 65° = 180°

⇒ x + 100° = 180°

⇒ x = 180° – 100° = 80°

∴ x = 80°

(xi) In the circle,

∠ABD and ∠ACD are in the same segment of a circle

∴ ∠ABD = ∠ACD = 40°

Now in ∆CPD,

∠CPD + ∠PCD + ∠PDC = 180° (Angles of a triangle)

110° + 40° + x = 180°

⇒ x + 150° = 180°

∴ x= 180°- 150° = 30°

(xii) In the circle, two diameters AC and BD intersect each other at O

∠BAC = 50°

In ∆OAB,

OA = OB (Radii of the circle)

∴ ∠OBA = ∠OAB = 52°

⇒ ∠ABD = 52°

But ∠ABD and ∠ACD are in the same segment of the circle

∴ ∠ABD = ∠ACD ⇒ 52° = x

∴ x = 52°

Question 4.

O is the circumcentre of the triangle ABC and OD is perpendicular on BC. Prove that ∠BOD = ∠A.

Solution:

Given : O is the circumcentre of ∆ABC.

OD ⊥ BC

OB is joined

To prove : ∠BOD = ∠A

Construction : Join OC.

Proof : Arc BC subtends ∠BOC at the centre and ∠BAC at the remaining part of the circle

∴ ∠BOC = 2∠A …(i)

In right ∆OBD and ∆OCD Side OD = OD (Common)

Hyp. OB = OC (Radii of the circle)

∴ ∆OBD ≅ ∆OCD (RHS criterion)

∴ ∠BOD = ∠COD = \(\frac { 1 }{ 2 }\) ∠BOC

⇒ ∠BOC = 2∠BOD …(ii)

From (i) and (ii)

2∠BOD = 2∠A

∴∠BOD = ∠A

Question 5.

In the figure, O is the centre of the circle, BO is the bisector of ∠ABC. Show that AB = BC.

Solution:

Given : In the figure, a circle with centre O OB is the bisector of ∠ABC

To prove : AB = BC

Construction : Draw OL ⊥ AB and OM ⊥ BC

Proof: In ∆OLB and ∆OMB,

∠1 = ∠2 (Given)

∠L = ∠M (Each = 90°)

OB = OB (Common)

∴ ∆OLB ≅ ∆OMB (AAS criterion)

∴ OL = OM (c.p.c.t.)

But these are distance from the centre and chords equidistant from the centre are equal

∴ Chord BA = BC

Hence AB = BC

Question 6.

In the figure, O and O’ are centres of two circles intersecting at B and C. ACD is a straight line, find x.

Solution:

In the figure, two circles with centres O and O’ intersect each other at B and C.

ACD is a line, ∠AOB = 130°

Arc AB subtends ∠AOB at the centre O and ∠ACB at the remaining part of the circle.

∴ ∠ACB =\(\frac { 1 }{ 2 }\)∠AOB

= \(\frac { 1 }{ 2 }\) x 130° = 65°

But ∠ACB + ∠BCD = 180° (Linear pair)

⇒ 65° + ∠BCD = 180°

⇒ ∠BCD = 180°-65°= 115°

Now, arc BD subtends reflex ∠BO’D at the centre and ∠BCD at the remaining part of the circle

∴ ∠BO’D = 2∠BCD = 2 x 115° = 230°

But ∠BO’D + reflex ∠BO’D = 360° (Angles at a point)

⇒ x + 230° = 360°

⇒ x = 360° -230°= 130°

Hence x = 130°

Question 7.

In the figure, if ∠ACB = 40°, ∠DPB = 120°, find ∠CBD.

Solution:

Arc AB subtend ∠ACB and ∠ADB in the same segment of a circle

∴ ∠ACB = ∠ADB = 40°

In ∆PDB,

∠DPB + ∠PBD + ∠ADB = 180° (Sum of angles of a triangle)

⇒ 120° + ∠PBD + 40° = 180°

⇒ 160° + ∠PBD = 180°

⇒ ∠PBD = 180° – 160° = 20°

⇒ ∠CBD = 20°

Question 8.

A chord of a circle is equal to the radius of the circle. Find the angle subtended by the chord at a point on the minor arc and also at a point on the major arc.

Solution:

A circle with centre O, a chord AB = radius of the circle C and D are points on the minor and major arcs of the circle

∴ ∠ACB and ∠ADB are formed Now in ∆AOB,

OA = OB = AB (∵ AB = radii of the circle)

∴ ∆AOB is an equilateral triangle,

∴ ∠AOB = 60°

Now arc AB subtends ∠AOB at the centre and ∠ADB at the remainder part of the circle.

∴ ∠ADB = \(\frac { 1 }{ 2 }\) ∠AOB = \(\frac { 1 }{ 2 }\)x 60° = 30°

Now ACBD is a cyclic quadrilateral,

∴ ∠ADB + ∠ACB = 180° (Sum of opposite angles of cyclic quad.)

⇒ 30° + ∠ACB = 180°

⇒ ∠ACB = 180° – 30° = 150°

∴ ∠ACB = 150°

Hence angles are 150° and 30°

Question 9.

In the figure, it is given that O is the centre of the circle and ∠AOC = 150°. Find ∠ABC.

Solution:

In circle with centre O and ∠AOC = 150°

But ∠AOC + reflex ∠AOC = 360°

∴ 150° + reflex ∠AOC = 360°

⇒ Reflex ∠AOC = 360° – 150° = 210°

Now arc AEC subtends ∠AOC at the centre and ∠ABC at the remaining part of the circle.

Reflex ∠AOC = 2∠ABC

⇒ 210° = 2∠ABC

∴ ∠ABC = \(\frac { { 210 }^{ \circ } }{ 2 }\) = 105°

Question 10.

In the figure, O is the centre of the circle, prove that ∠x = ∠y + ∠z.

Solution:

Given : In circle, O is centre

To prove : ∠x = ∠y + ∠z

Proof : ∵ ∠3 and ∠4 are in the same segment of the circle

∴ ∠3 = ∠4 …(i)

∵ Arc AB subtends ∠AOB at the centre and ∠3 at the remaining part of the circle

∴ ∠x = 2∠3 = ∠3 + ∠3 = ∠3 + ∠4 (∵ ∠3 = ∠4) …(ii)

In ∆ACE,

Ext. ∠y = ∠3 + ∠1

(Ext. is equal to sum of its interior opposite angles)

⇒ ∠3 – ∠y – ∠1 …(ii)

From (i) and (ii),

∠x = ∠y – ∠1 + ∠4 …(iii)

Similarly in ∆ADF,

Ext. ∠4 = ∠1 + ∠z …(iv)

From (iii) and (iv)

∠x = ∠y-∠l + (∠1 + ∠z)

= ∠y – ∠1 + ∠1 + ∠z = ∠y + ∠z

Hence ∠x = ∠y + ∠z

Question 11.

In the figure, O is the centre of a circle and PQ is a diameter. If ∠ROS = 40°, find ∠RTS.

Solution:

In the figure, O is the centre of the circle,

PQ is the diameter and ∠ROS = 40°

Now we have to find ∠RTS

Arc RS subtends ∠ROS at the centre and ∠RQS at the remaining part of the circle

∴ ∠RQS = \(\frac { 1 }{ 2 }\) ∠ROS

= \(\frac { 1 }{ 2 }\) x 40° = 20°

∵ ∠PRQ = 90° (Angle in a semi circle)

∴ ∠QRT = 180° – 90° = 90° (∵ PRT is a straight line)

Now in ∆RQT,

∠RQT + ∠QRT + ∠RTQ = 180° (Angles of a triangle)

⇒ 20° + 90° + ∠RTQ = 180°

⇒ ∠RTQ = 180° – 20° – 90° = 70° or ∠RTS = 70°

Hence ∠RTS = 70°

### Class 9 Maths Chapter 15 Areas of Parallelograms and Triangles RD Sharma Solutions Ex 15.5

Question 1.

In the figure, ∆ABC is an equilateral triangle. Find m ∠BEC.

Solution:

∵ ∆ABC is an equilateral triangle

∴ A = 60°

∵ ABEC is a cyclic quadrilateral

∴ ∠A + ∠E = 180° (Sum of opposite angles)

⇒ 60° + ∠E = 180°

⇒ ∠E = 180° – 60° = 120°

∴ m ∠BEC = 120°

Question 2.

In the figure, ∆PQR is an isosceles triangle with PQ = PR and m ∠PQR = 35°. Find m ∠QSR and m ∠QTR.

Solution:

In the figure, ∆PQR is an isosceles PQ = PR

∠PQR = 35°

∴ ∠PRQ = 35°

But ∠PQR + ∠PRQ + ∠QPR = 180° (Sum of angles of a triangle)

⇒ 35° + 35° + ∠QPR = 180°

⇒ 70° + ∠QPR = 180°

∴ ∠QPR = 180° – 70° = 110°

∵ ∠QSR = ∠QPR (Angle in the same segment of circles)

∴ ∠QSR = 110°

But PQTR is a cyclic quadrilateral

∴ ∠QTR + ∠QPR = 180°

⇒ ∠QTR + 110° = 180°

⇒ ∠QTR = 180° -110° = 70°

Hence ∠QTR = 70°

Question 3.

In the figure, O is the centre of the circle. If ∠BOD = 160°, find the values of x and y.

Solution:

In the figure, O is the centre of the circle ∠BOD =160°

ABCD is the cyclic quadrilateral

∵ Arc BAD subtends ∠BOD is the angle at the centre and ∠BCD is on the other part of the circle

∴ ∠BCD = \(\frac { 1 }{ 2 }\) ∠BOD

⇒ x = \(\frac { 1 }{ 2 }\) x 160° = 80°

∵ ABCD is a cyclic quadrilateral,

∴ ∠A + ∠C = 180°

⇒ y + x = 180°

⇒ y + 80° = 180°

⇒ y =180°- 80° = 100°

∴ x = 80°, y = 100°

Question 4.

In the figure, ABCD is a cyclic quadrilateral. If ∠BCD = 100° and ∠ABD = 70°, find ∠ADB.

Solution:

In a circle, ABCD is a cyclic quadrilateral ∠BCD = 100° and ∠ABD = 70°

∵ ABCD is a cyclic quadrilateral,

∴ ∠A + ∠C = 180° (Sum of opposite angles)

⇒ ∠A + 100°= 180°

∠A = 180°- 100° = 80°

Now in ∆ABD,

∠A + ∠ABD + ∠ADB = 180°

⇒ 80° + 70° + ∠ADB = 180°

⇒ 150° +∠ADB = 180°

∴ ∠ADB = 180°- 150° = 30°

Hence ∠ADB = 30°

Question 5.

If ABCD is a cyclic quadrilateral in which AD || BC. Prove that ∠B = ∠C.

Solution:

Given : ABCD is a cyclic quadrilateral in which AD || BC

To prove : ∠B = ∠C

Proof : ∵ AD || BC

∴ ∠A + ∠B = 180°

(Sum of cointerior angles)

But ∠A + ∠C = 180°

(Opposite angles of the cyclic quadrilateral)

∴ ∠A + ∠B = ∠A + ∠C

⇒ ∠B = ∠C

Hence ∠B = ∠C

Question 6.

In the figure, O is the centre of the circle. Find ∠CBD.

Solution:

Arc AC subtends ∠AOC at the centre and ∠APC at the remaining part of the circle

∴ ∠APC = \(\frac { 1 }{ 2 }\) ∠AOC

= \(\frac { 1 }{ 2 }\) x 100° = 50°

∵ APCB is a.cyclic quadrilateral,

∴ ∠APC + ∠ABC = 180°

⇒ 50° + ∠ABC = 180° ⇒ ∠ABC =180°- 50°

∴ ∠ABC =130°

But ∠ABC + ∠CBD = 180° (Linear pair)

⇒ 130° + ∠CBD = 180°

⇒ ∠CBD = 180°- 130° = 50°

∴ ∠CBD = 50°

Question 7.

In the figure, AB and CD are diameiers of a circle with centre O. If ∠OBD = 50°, find ∠AOC.

Solution:

Two diameters AB and CD intersect each other at O. AC, CB and BD are joined

∠DBA = 50°

∠DBA and ∠DCA are in the same segment

∴ ∠DBA = ∠DCA = 50°

In ∆OAC, OA = OC (Radii of the circle)

∴ ∠OAC = ∠OCA = ∠DCA = 50°

and ∠OAC + ∠OCA + ∠AOC = 180° (Sum of angles of a triangle)

⇒ 50° + 50° + ∠AOC = 180°

⇒ 100° + ∠AOC = 180°

⇒ ∠AOC = 180° – 100° = 80°

Hence ∠AOC = 80°

Question 8.

On a semi circle with AB as diameter, a point C is taken so that m (∠CAB) = 30°. Find m (∠ACB) and m (∠ABC).

Solution:

A semicircle with AB as diameter

∠ CAB = 30°

∠ACB = 90° (Angle in a semi circle)

But ∠CAB + ∠ACB + ∠ABC = 180°

⇒ 30° + 90° + ∠ABC – 180°

⇒ 120° + ∠ABC = 180°

∴ ∠ABC = 180°- 120° = 60°

Hence m ∠ACB = 90°

and m ∠ABC = 60°

Question 9.

In a cyclic quadrilateral ABCD, if AB || CD and ∠B = 70°, find the remaining angles.

Solution:

In a cyclic quadrilateral ABCD, AB || CD and ∠B = 70°

∵ ABCD is a cyclic quadrilateral

∴ ∠B + ∠D = 180°

⇒ 70° + ∠D = 180°

⇒ ∠D = 180°-70° = 110°

∵ AB || CD

∴ ∠A + ∠D = 180° (Sum of cointerior angles)

∠A+ 110°= 180°

⇒ ∠A= 180°- 110° = 70°

Similarly, ∠B + ∠C = 180°

⇒ 70° + ∠C- 180° ‘

⇒ ∠C = 180°-70°= 110°

∴ ∠A = 70°, ∠C = 110°, ∠D = 110°

Question 10.

In a cyclic quadrilateral ABCD, if m ∠A = 3(m ∠C). Find m ∠A.

Solution:

In cyclic quadrilateral ABCD, m ∠A = 3(m ∠C)

∵ ABCD is a cyclic quadrilateral,

∴ ∠A + ∠C = 180°

⇒ 3 ∠C + ∠C = 180° ⇒ 4∠C = 180°

⇒ ∠C = \(\frac { { 180 }^{ \circ } }{ 4 }\) = 45°

∴ ∠A = 3 x 45°= 135°

Hence m ∠A =135°

Question 11.

In the figure, O is the centre of the circle and ∠DAB = 50°. Calculate the values of x and y.

Solution:

In the figure, O is the centre of the circle ∠DAB = 50°

∵ ABCD is a cyclic quadrilateral

∴ ∠A + ∠C = 180°

⇒ 50° + y = 180°

⇒ y = 180° – 50° = 130°

In ∆OAB, OA = OB (Radii of the circle)

∴ ∠A = ∠OBA = 50°

∴ Ext. ∠DOB = ∠A + ∠OBA

x = 50° + 50° = 100°

∴ x= 100°, y= 130°

Question 12.

In the figure, if ∠BAC = 60° and ∠BCA = 20°, find ∠ADC.

Solution:

In ∆ABC,

∠BAC + ∠ABC + ∠ACB = 180° (Sum of angles of a triangle)

60° + ∠ABC + 20° = 180°

∠ABC + 80° = 180°

∴ ∠ABC = 180° -80°= 100°

∵ ABCD is a cyclic quadrilateral,

∴ ∠ABC + ∠ADC = 180°

100° + ∠ADC = 180°

∴ ∠ADC = 180°- 100° = 80°

Question 13.

In the figure, if ABC is an equilateral triangle. Find ∠BDC and ∠BEC.

Solution:

In a circle, ∆ABC is an equilateral triangle

∴ ∠A = 60°

∵ ∠BAC and ∠BDC are in the same segment

∴ ∠BAC = ∠BDC = 60°

∵ BECD is a cyclic quadrilateral

∴ ∠BDC + ∠BEC = 180°

⇒ 60° + ∠BEC = 180°

⇒ ∠BEC = 180°-60°= 120°

Hence ∠BDC = 60° and ∠BEC = 120°

Question 14.

In the figure, O is the centre of the circle. If ∠CEA = 30°, find the values of x, y and z.

Solution:

∠AEC and ∠ADC are in the same segment

∴ ∠AEC = ∠ADC = 30°

∴ z = 30°

ABCD is a cyclic quadrilateral

∴ ∠B + ∠D = 180°

⇒ x + z = 180°

⇒ x + 30° = 180°

⇒ x = 180° – 30° = 150°

Arc AC subtends ∠AOB at the centre and ∠ADC at the remaining part of the circle

∴ ∠AOC = 2∠D = 2 x 30° = 60°

∴ y = 60°

Hence x = 150°, y – 60° and z = 30°

Question 15.

In the figure, ∠BAD = 78°, ∠DCF = x° and ∠DEF = y°. Find the values of x and y.

Solution:

In the figure, two circles intersect each other at C and D

∠BAD = 78°, ∠DCF = x, ∠DEF = y

ABCD is a cyclic quadrilateral

∴ Ext. ∠DCF = its interior opposite ∠BAD

⇒ x = 78°

In cyclic quadrilateral CDEF,

∠DCF + ∠DEF = 180°

⇒ 78° + y = 180°

⇒ y = 180° – 78°

y = 102°

Hence x = 78°, and y- 102°

Question 16.

In a cyclic quadrilateral ABCD, if ∠A – ∠C = 60°, prove that the smaller of two is 60°.

Solution:

In cyclic quadrilateral ABCD,

∠A – ∠C = 60°

But ∠A + ∠C = 180° (Sum of opposite angles)

Adding, 2∠A = 240° ⇒ ∠A = \(\frac { { 62 }^{ \circ } }{ 2 }\) = 120° and subtracting

2∠C = 120° ⇒ ∠C = \(\frac { { 120 }^{ \circ } }{ 2 }\) = 60°

∴ Smaller angle of the two is 60°.

Question 17.

In the figure, ABCD is a cyclic quadrilateral. Find the value of x.

Solution:

∠CDE + ∠CDA = 180° (Linear pair)

⇒ 80° + ∠CDA = 180°

⇒ ∠CDA = 180° – 80° = 100°

In cyclic quadrilateral ABCD,

Ext. ∠ABF = Its interior opposite angle ∠CDA = 100°

∴ x = 100°

Question 18.

ABCD is a cyclic quadrilateral in which:

(i) BC || AD, ∠ADC =110° and ∠B AC = 50°. Find ∠DAC.

(ii) ∠DBC = 80° and ∠BAC = 40°. Find ∠BCD.

(iii) ∠BCD = 100° and ∠ABD = 70°, find ∠ADB.

Solution:

(i) In the figure,

ABCD is a cyclic quadrilateral and AD || BC, ∠ADC = 110°

∠BAC = 50°

∵ ∠B + ∠D = 180° (Sum of opposite angles)

⇒ ∠B + 110° = 180°

∴ ∠B = 180°- 110° = 70°

Now in ∆ABC,

∠CAB + ∠ABC + ∠BCA = 180° (Sum of angles of a triangle)

⇒ 50° + 70° + ∠BCA = 180°

⇒ 120° + ∠BCA = 180°

⇒ ∠BCA = 180° – 120° = 60°

But ∠DAC = ∠BCA (Alternate angles)

∴ ∠DAC = 60°

(ii) In cyclic quadrilateral ABCD,

Diagonals AC and BD are joined ∠DBC = 80°, ∠BAC = 40°

Arc DC subtends ∠DBC and ∠DAC in the same segment

∴ ∠DBC = ∠DAC = 80°

∴ ∠DAB = ∠DAC + ∠CAB = 80° + 40° = 120°

But ∠DAC + ∠BCD = 180° (Sum of opposite angles of a cyclic quad.)

⇒ 120° +∠BCD = 180°

⇒ ∠BCD = 180°- 120° = 60°

(iii) In the figure, ABCD is a cyclic quadrilateral BD is joined

∠BCD = 100°

and ∠ABD = 70°

∠A + ∠C = 180° (Sum of opposite angles of cyclic quad.)

∠A+ 100°= 180°

⇒ ∠A= 180°- 100°

∴ ∠A = 80°

Now in ∆ABD,

∠A + ∠ABD + ∠ADB = 180° (Sum of angles of a triangle)

⇒ 80° + 70° + ∠ADB = 180°

⇒ 150° +∠ADB = 180°

⇒ ∠ADB = 180°- 150° = 30°

∴ ∠ADB = 30°

Question 19.

Prove that the circles described on the four sides of a rhombus as diameter, pass through the point of intersection of its diagonals.

Solution:

Given : ABCD is a rhombus. Four circles are drawn on the sides AB, BC, CD and DA respectively

To prove : The circles pass through the point of intersection of the diagonals of the rhombus ABCD

Proof: ABCD is a rhombus whose diagonals AC and BD intersect each other at O

∵ The diagonals of a rhombus bisect each other at right angles

∴ ∠AOB = ∠BOC = ∠COD = ∠DOA = 90°

Now when ∠AOB = 90°

and a circle described on AB as diameter will pass through O

Similarly, the circles on BC, CD and DA as diameter, will also pass through O

Question 20.

If the two sides of a pair of opposite sides of a cyclic quadrilateral are equal, prove that is diagonals are equal.

Solution:

Given : In cyclic quadrilateral ABCD, AB = CD

AC and BD are the diagonals

To prove : AC = BC

Proof: ∵ AB = CD

∴ arc AB = arc CD

Adding arc BC to both sides, then arc AB + arc BC = arc BC + arc CD

⇒ arc AC = arc BD

∴ AC = BD

Hence diagonal of the cyclic quadrilateral are equal.

Question 21.

Circles are described on the sides of a triangle as diameters. Prove that the circles on any two sides intersect each other on the third side (or third side produced).

Solution:

Given : In ∆ABC, circles are drawn on sides AB and AC

To prove : Circles drawn on AB and AC intersect at D which lies on BC, the third side

Construction : Draw AD ⊥ BC

Proof: ∵ AD ⊥ BC

∴ ∠ADB = ∠ADC = 90°

So, the circles drawn on sides AB and AC as diameter will pass through D

Hence circles drawn on two sides of a triangle pass through D, which lies on the third side.

Question 22.

ABCD is a cyclic trapezium with AD || BC. If ∠B = 70°, determine other three angles of the trapezium.

Solution:

In the figure, ABCD is a trapezium in which AD || BC and ∠B = 70°

∵ AD || BC

∴ ∠A + ∠B = 180° (Sum of cointerior angles)

⇒ ∠A + 70° = 180°

⇒ ∠A= 180°- 70° = 110°

∴ ∠A = 110°

But ∠A + ∠C = 180° and ∠B + ∠D = 180° (Sum of opposite angles of a cyclic quadrilateral)

∴ 110° + ∠C = 180°

⇒ ∠C = 180°- 110° = 70°

and 70° + ∠D = 180°

⇒ ∠D = 180° – 70° = 110°

∴ ∠A = 110°, ∠C = 70° and ∠D = 110°

Question 23.

In the figure, ABCD is a cyclic quadrilateral in which AC and BD are its diagonals. If ∠DBC = 55° and ∠BAC = 45°, find ∠BCD.

Solution:

In the figure, ABCD is a cyclic quadrilateral whose diagonals AC and BD are drawn ∠DBC = 55° and ∠BAC = 45°

∵ ∠BAC and ∠BDC are in the same segment

∴ ∠BAC = ∠BDC = 45°

Now in ABCD,

∠DBC + ∠BDC + ∠BCD = 180° (Sum of angles of a triangle)

⇒ 55° + 45° + ∠BCD = 180°

⇒ 100° + ∠BCD = 180°

⇒ ∠BCD = 180° – 100° = 80°

Hence ∠BCD = 80°

Question 24.

Prove that the perpendicular bisectors of the sides of a cyclic quadrilateral are concurrent.

Solution:

Given : ABCD is a cyclic quadrilateral

To prove : The perpendicular bisectors of the sides are concurrent

Proof : ∵ Each side of the cyclic quadrilateral is a chord of the circle and perpendicular of a chord passes through the centre of the circle

Hence the perpendicular bisectors of each side will pass through the centre O

Hence the perpendicular bisectors of the sides of a cyclic quadrilateral are concurrent

Question 25.

Prove that the centre of the circle circumscribing the cyclic rectangle ABCD is the point of intersection of its diagonals.

Solution:

Given : ABCD is a cyclic rectangle and diagonals AC and BD intersect each other at O

To prove : O is the point of intersection is the centre of the circle.

Proof : Let O be the centre of the circle- circumscribing the rectangle ABCD

Since each angle of a rectangle is a right angle and AC is the chord of the circle

∴ AC will be the diameter of the circle Similarly, we can prove that diagonal BD is also the diameter of the circle

∴ The diameters of the circle pass through the centre

Hence the point of intersection of the diagonals of the rectangle is the centre of the circle.

Question 26.

ABCD is a cyclic quadrilateral in which BA and CD when produced meet in E and EA = ED. Prove that:

(i) AD || BC

(ii) EB = EC.

Solution:

Given : ABCD is a cyclic quadrilateral in which sides BA and CD are produced to meet at E and EA = ED

To prove :

(i) AD || BC

(ii) EB = EC

Proof: ∵ EA = ED

∴ In ∆EAD

∠EAD = ∠EDA (Angles opposite to equal sides)

In a cyclic quadrilateral ABCD,

Ext. ∠EAD = ∠C

Similarly Ext. ∠EDA = ∠B

∵ ∠EAD = ∠EDA

∴ ∠B = ∠C

Now in ∆EBC,

∵ ∠B = ∠C

∴ EC = EB (Sides opposite to equal sides)

and ∠EAD = ∠B

But these are corresponding angles

∴ AD || BC

Question 27.

Prove that the angle in a segment shorter than a semicircle is greater than a right angle.

Solution:

Given : A segment ACB shorter than a semicircle and an angle ∠ACB inscribed in it

To prove : ∠ACB < 90°

Construction : Join OA and OB

Proof : Arc ADB subtends ∠AOB at the centre and ∠ACB at the remaining part of the circle ∴ ∠ACB = \(\frac { 1 }{ 2 }\) ∠AOB But ∠AOB > 180° (Reflex angle)

∴ ∠ACB > \(\frac { 1 }{ 2 }\) x [80°

⇒ ∠ACB > 90°

Question 28.

Prove that the angle in a segment greater than a semi-circle is less than a right angle

Solution:

Given : A segment ACB, greater than a semicircle with centre O and ∠ACB is described in it

To prove : ∠ACB < 90°

Construction : Join OA and OB

Proof : Arc ADB subtends ∠AOB at the centre and ∠ACB at the remaining part of the circle

∴ ∠ACB =\(\frac { 1 }{ 2 }\) ∠AOB

But ∠AOB < 180° (A straight angle) 1

∴ ∠ACB < \(\frac { 1 }{ 2 }\) x 180°

⇒ ∠ACB <90°

Hence ∠ACB < 90°

Question 29.

Prove that the line segment joining the mid-point of the hypotenuse of a rijght triangle to its opposite vertex is half of the hypotenuse.

Solution:

Given : In a right angled ∆ABC

∠B = 90°, D is the mid point of hypotenuse AC. DB is joined.

To prove : BD = \(\frac { 1 }{ 2 }\) AC

Construction : Draw a circle with centre D and AC as diameter

Proof: ∵ ∠ABC = 90°

∴ The circle drawn on AC as diameter will pass through B

∴ BD is the radius of the circle

But AC is the diameter of the circle and D is mid point of AC

∴ AD = DC = BD

∴ BD= \(\frac { 1 }{ 2 }\) AC

### RD Sharma Class 9 Book Chapter 15 Areas of Parallelograms and Triangles VSAQS

Question 1.

In the figure, two circles intersect at A and B. The centre of the smaller circle is O and it lies on the circumference of the larger circle. If ∠APB = 70°, find ∠ACB.

Solution:

Arc AB subtends ∠AOB at the centre and ∠APB at the remaining part of the circle

∴ ∠AOB = 2∠APB = 2 x 70° = 140°

Now in cyclic quadrilateral AOBC,

∠AOB + ∠ACB = 180° (Sum of the angles)

⇒ 140° +∠ACB = 180°

⇒ ∠ACB = 180° – 140° = 40°

∴ ∠ACB = 40°

Question 2.

In the figure, two congruent circles with centre O and O’ intersect at A and B. If ∠AO’B = 50°, then find ∠APB.

Solution:

Two congruent circles with centres O and O’ intersect at A and B

∠AO’B = 50°

∵ OA = OB = O’A = 04B (Radii of the congruent circles)

Question 3.

In the figure, ABCD is a cyclic quadrilateral in which ∠BAD = 75°, ∠ABD = 58° and ∠ADC = IT, AC and BD intersect at P. Then, find ∠DPC.

Solution:

∵ ABCD is a cyclic quadrilateral,

∴ ∠BAD + ∠BCD = 180°

⇒ 75° + ∠BCD – 180°

⇒ ∠BCD = 180°-75°= 105° and ∠ADC + ∠ABC = 180°

⇒ 77° + ∠ABC = 180°

⇒ ∠ABC = 180°-77°= 103°

∴ ∠DBC = ∠ABC – ∠ABD = 103° – 58° = 45°

∵ Arc AD subtends ∠ABD and ∠ACD in the same segment of the circle 3

∴ ∠ABD = ∠ACD = 58°

∴ ∠ACB = ∠BCD – ∠ACD = 105° – 58° = 47°

Now in ∆PBC,

Ext. ∠DPC = ∠PBC + ∠PCB

=∠DBC + ∠ACB = 45° + 47° = 92°

Hence ∠DPC = 92°

Question 4.

In the figure, if ∠AOB = 80° and ∠ABC = 30°, then find ∠CAO.

Solution:

In the figure, ∠AOB = 80°, ∠ABC = 30°

∵ Arc AB subtends ∠AOB at the centre and

∠ACB at the remaining part of the circle

∴ ∠ACB = \(\frac { 1 }{ 2 }\)∠AOB = \(\frac { 1 }{ 2 }\) x 80° = 40°

In ∆OAB, OA = OB

∴ ∠OAB = ∠OBA

But ∠OAB + ∠OBA + ∠AOB = 180°

∴ ∠OAB + ∠OBA + 80° = 180°

⇒ ∠OAB + ∠OAB = 180° – 80° = 100°

∴ 2∠OAB = 100°

⇒ ∠OAB = \(\frac { { 100 }^{ \circ } }{ 2 }\) = 50°

Similarly, in ∆ABC,

∠BAC + ∠ACB + ∠ABC = 180°

∠BAC + 40° + 30° = 180°

⇒ ∠BAC = 180°-30°-40°

= 180°-70°= 110°

∴ ∠CAO = ∠BAC – ∠OAB

= 110°-50° = 60°

Question 5.

In the figure, A is the centre of the circle. ABCD is a parallelogram and CDE is a straight line. Find ∠BCD : ∠ABE.

Solution:

In the figure, ABCD is a parallelogram and

CDE is a straight line

∵ ABCD is a ||gm

∴ ∠A = ∠C

and ∠C = ∠ADE (Corresponding angles)

⇒ ∠BCD = ∠ADE

Similarly, ∠ABE = ∠BED (Alternate angles)

∵ arc BD subtends ∠BAD at the centre and

∠BED at the remaining part of the circle

Question 6.

In the figure, AB is a diameter of the circle such that ∠A = 35° and ∠Q = 25°, find ∠PBR.

Solution:

In the figure, AB is the diameter of the circle such that ∠A = 35° and ∠Q = 25°, join OP.

Arc PB subtends ∠POB at the centre and

∠PAB at the remaining part of the circle

∴ ∠POB = 2∠PAB = 2 x 35° = 70°

Now in ∆OP,

OP = OB radii of the circle

∴ ∠OPB = ∠OBP = 70° (∵ ∠OPB + ∠OBP = 140°)

Now ∠APB = 90° (Angle in a semicircle)

∴ ∠BPQ = 90°

and in ∆PQB,

Ext. ∠PBR = ∠BPQ + ∠PQB

= 90° + 25°= 115°

∴ ∠PBR = 115°

Question 7.

In the figure, P and Q are centres of two circles intersecting at B and C. ACD is a straight line. Then, ∠BQD =

Solution:

In the figure, P and Q are the centres of two circles which intersect each other at C and B

ACD is a straight line ∠APB = 150°

Arc AB subtends ∠APB at the centre and

∠ACB at the remaining part of the circle

∴ ∠ACB = \(\frac { 1 }{ 2 }\) ∠APB = \(\frac { 1 }{ 2 }\) x 150° = 75°

But ∠ACB + ∠BCD = 180° (Linear pair)

⇒ 75° + ∠BCD = 180°

∠BCD = 180°-75°= 105°

Now arc BD subtends reflex ∠BQD at the centre and ∠BCD at the remaining part of the circle

Reflex ∠BQD = 2∠BCD = 2 x 105° = 210°

But ∠BQD + reflex ∠BQD = 360°

∴ ∠BQD+ 210° = 360°

∴ ∠BQD = 360° – 210° = 150°

Question 8.

In the figure, if O is circumcentre of ∆ABC then find the value of ∠OBC + ∠BAC.

Solution:

In the figure, join OC

∵ O is the circumcentre of ∆ABC

∴ OA = OB = OC

∵ ∠CAO = 60° (Proved)

∴ ∆OAC is an equilateral triangle

∴ ∠AOC = 60°

Now, ∠BOC = ∠BOA + ∠AOC

= 80° + 60° = 140°

and in ∆OBC, OB = OC

∠OCB = ∠OBC

But ∠OCB + ∠OBC = 180° – ∠BOC

= 180°- 140° = 40°

⇒ ∠OBC + ∠OBC = 40°

∴ ∠OBC = \(\frac { { 40 }^{ \circ } }{ 2 }\) = 20°

∠BAC = OAB + ∠OAC = 50° + 60° = 110°

∴ ∠OBC + ∠BAC = 20° + 110° = 130°

Question 9.

In the AOC is a diameter of the circle and arc AXB = 1/2 arc BYC. Find ∠BOC.

Solution:

In the figure, AOC is diameter arc AxB = \(\frac { 1 }{ 2 }\) arc BYC 1

∠AOB = \(\frac { 1 }{ 2 }\) ∠BOC

⇒ ∠BOC = 2∠AOB

But ∠AOB + ∠BOC = 180°

⇒ ∠AOB + 2∠AOB = 180°

⇒ 3 ∠AOB = 180°

∴ ∠AOB = \(\frac { { 180 }^{ \circ } }{ 3 }\) = 60°

∴ ∠BOC = 2 x 60° = 120°

Question 10.

In the figure, ABCD is a quadrilateral inscribed in a circle with centre O. CD produced to E such that ∠AED = 95° and ∠OBA = 30°. Find ∠OAC.

Solution:

In the figure, ABCD is a cyclic quadrilateral

CD is produced to E such that ∠ADE = 95°

O is the centre of the circle

∵ ∠ADC + ∠ADE = 180°

⇒ ∠ADC + 95° = 180°

⇒ ∠ADC = 180°-95° = 85°

Now arc ABC subtends ∠AOC at the centre and ∠ADC at the remaining part of the circle

∵ ∠AOC = 2∠ADC = 2 x 85° = 170°

Now in ∆OAC,

∠OAC + ∠OCA + ∠AOC = 180° (Sum of angles of a triangle)

⇒ ∠OAC = ∠OCA (∵ OA = OC radii of circle)

∴ ∠OAC + ∠OAC + 170° = 180°

2∠OAC = 180°- 170°= 10°

∴ ∠OAC = \(\frac { { 10 }^{ \circ } }{ 2 }\) = 5°

### RD Sharma Class 9 Solution Chapter 15 Areas of Parallelograms and Triangles MCQS

Question 1.

If the length of a chord of a circle is 16 cm and is at a distance of 15 cm from the centre of the circle, then the radius of the circle is

(a) 15 cm

(b) 16 cm

(c) 17 cm

(d) 34 cm

Solution:

Length of chord AB of circle = 16 cm

Distance from the centre OL = 15 cm

Let OA be the radius, then in right ∆OAL,

OA^{2} = OL^{2} + AL^{2}

16

= (15)^{2} + \(\frac { 16 }{ 2 }\) = 15^{2} + 8^{2}

= 225 + 64 = 289 = (17)^{2}

∴ OA = 17 cm

Hence radius of the circle = 17 cm (c)

Question 2.

The radius of a circle Js 6 cm. The perpendicular distance from the centre of the circle to the chord which is 8 cm in length, is

Solution:

Radius of the cirlce (r) = 6 cm

Perpendicular distance from centre = ?

Length of chord = 8 cm

Let AB be chord, OL is the distance

In right ∆OAL

OA^{2} = AL^{2} + OL^{2}

Question 3.

If O is the centre of a circle of radius r and AB is a chord of the circle at a distance \(\frac { r }{ 2 }\) from O, then ∠BAO =

(a) 60°

(b) 45°

(c) 30°

(d) 15°

Solution:

r is the radius of the circle with centre O

AB is the chord, at a distance of \(\frac { r }{ 2 }\) from the centre

Question 4.

ABCD is a cyclic quadrilateral such that ∠ADB = 30° and ∠DCA = 80°, then ∠DAB=

(a) 70°

(b) 100°

(c) 125°

(d) 150°

Solution:

ABCD is a cyclic quadrilateral ∠DCA = 80° and ∠ADB = 30°

∵∠ADB = ∠ACB (Angles in the same segment)

∴ ∠ACB = 30°

∴ ∠BCD = 80° + 30° = 110°

∵ ABCD is a cyclic quadrilateral

∴∠BAD + ∠BCD = 180°

⇒ ∠BAD + 110°= 180°

⇒ ∠BAD = 180°- 110° = 70°

or ∠DAB = 70° (a)

Question 5.

A chord of length 14 cm is at a distance of 6 cm from the centre of a circle. The length of another chord at a distance of 2 cm from the centre of the circle is

(a) 12 cm

(b) 14 cm

(c) 16 cm

(d) 18 cm

Solution:

In a circle AB chord = 14 cm

and distance from centre OL = 6 cm

Let r be the radius of the circle, then OA^{2} = AL^{2} + OL^{2}

⇒ r^{2} = (7)^{2} + (6)^{2} = 49 + 36 = 85

In the same circle length of another chord CD = ?

Distance from centre = 2 cm

∴ r^{2} = OM^{2} + MD^{2}

⇒ 85 = (2)^{2} + DM^{2}

⇒ 85 = 4 + DM^{2}

⇒ DM^{2} = 85-4 = 81 = (9)^{2}

∴ DM = 9

∴ CD = 2 x DM = 2 x 9 = 18 cm

∴Length of another chord = 18 cm (d)

Question 6.

One chord of a circle is known to be 10 cm. The radius of this circle must be

(a) 5 cm

(b) greater than 5 cm

(c) greater than or equal to 5 cm

(d) less than 5 cm

Solution:

Length of chord of a circle = 10 cm

Length of radius of the circle greater than half of the chord

More than \(\frac { 10 }{ 2 }\) = 5 cm (b)

Question 7.

ABC is a triangle with B as right angle, AC = 5 cm and AB = 4 cm. A circle is drawn with O as centre and OC as radius. The length of the chord of this circle passing through C and B is

(a) 3 cm

(b) 4 cm

(c) 5 cm

(d) 6 cm

Solution:

In right ∆ABC, ∠B = 90°

AC = 5 cm, AB = 4 cm

∴ BC^{2} = AC^{2 }-AB^{2}

= 5^{2} – 4^{2} = 25 – 16

= 9 = (3)^{2}

∴ BC = 3 cm

∴ Length of chord BC = 3 cm (a)

Question 8.

If AB, BC and CD are equal chords of a circle with O as centre, and AD diameter then ∠AOB =

(a) 60°

(b) 90°

(c) 120°

(d) none of these

Solution:

In a circle chords AB = BC = CD

O is the centre of the circle

∴ ∠AOB = cannot be found (d)

Question 9.

Let C be the mid-point of an arc AB of a circle such that m \(\breve { AB }\) = 183°. If the region bounded by the arc ACB and line segment AB is denoted by S, then the centre O of the circle lies

(a) in the interior of S

(b) in the exterior of S

(c) on the segment AB

(d) on AB and bisects AB

Solution:

\(\breve { AB }\) = 183°

∴ AB is the diameter of the circle with centre O and C is the mid point of arc AB

Line segment AB = S

∴ Centre will lie on AB (c)

Question 10.

In a circle, the major arc is 3 ti.nes the minor arc. The corresponding central angles and the degree measures of two arcs are

(a) 90° and 270°

(b) 90° and 90°

(c) 270° adn 90°

(d) 60° and 210°

Solution:

In a circle, major arc is 3 times the minor arc i.e. arc ACB = 3 arc ADB

∴ Reflex ∠AOB = 3∠AOB

But angle at O = 360°

and let ∠AOB = x

Then reflex ∠ADB = x

x + 3x – 360°

⇒ 4x = 360°

⇒ x = \(\frac { { 62 }^{ \circ } }{ 2 }\) = 90°

∴ 3x = 90° x 3 = 270°

Here angles are 270° and 90° (c)

Question 11.

If A and B are two points on a circle such that m(\(\breve { AB }\)) = 260°. A possible value for the angle subtended by arc BA at a point on the circle is

(a) 100°

(b) 75°

(c) 50°

(d) 25°

Solution:

A and B are two points on the circle such that reflex ∠AOB = 260°

∴ ∠AOB = 360° – 260° = 100°

C is a point on the circle

∴ By joining AC and BC,

∠ACB = \(\frac { 1 }{ 2 }\)∠AOB = \(\frac { 1 }{ 2 }\) x 100° = 50° (c)

Question 12.

An equilateral triangle ABC is inscribed in a circle with centre O. The measures of ∠BOC is

(a) 30°

(b) 60°

(c) 90°

(d) 120°

Solution:

∆ABC is an equilateral triangle inscribed in a circle with centre O

∴ Measure of ∠BOC = 2∠BAC

= 2 x 60° = 120° (d)

Question 13.

If two diameters of a circle intersect each other at right angles, then quadrilateral formed by joining their end points is a

(a) rhombus

(b) rectangle

(c) parallelogram

(d) square

Solution:

Two diameter of a circle AB and CD intersect each other at right angles

AD, DB, BC and CA are joined forming a quad. ABCD.

∵ The diagonals are equal and bisect each other at right angles

∴ ACBD is a square (d)

Question 14.

In ABC is an arc of a circle and ∠ABC = 135°, then the ratio of arc \(\breve { AB }\) to the circumference is

(a) 1 : 4

(b) 3 : 4

(c) 3 : 8

(d) 1 : 2

Solution:

Arc ABC of a circle and ∠ABC = 135°

Join OA and OC

∴ Angle subtended by arc ABC at the centre = 2 x ∠ABC = 2 x 135° = 270°

Angle at the centre of the circle = 360°

∴ Ratio with circumference = 270° : 360° = 3:4 (b)

Question 15.

The chord of a circle is equal to its radius. The angle subtended by this chord at the minor arc of the circle is

(a) 60°

(b) 75°

(c) 120°

(d) 150°

Solution:

The chord of a circle = radius of the circle In the figure OA = OB = AB

∴ ∠AOB = 60°

(Each angle of an equilateral = 60°) (a)

Question 16.

PQRS is a cyclic quadrilateral such that PR is a diameter of the circle. If ∠QPR = 67° and ∠SPR = 72°, then ∠QRS =

(a) 41°

(b) 23°

(c) 67°

(d) 18°

Solution:

PQRS is a cyclic quadrilateral with centre O and ∠QPR = 67°

∠SPR = 72°

∴ ∠QPS = 67° + 72° = 139°

∵ ∠QPS + ∠QRS = 180° (Sum of opposite angles of a cyclic quad.)

⇒ 139° + ∠QRS = 180°

⇒ ∠QRS = 180° – 139° = 41° (a)

Question 17.

If A, B, C are three points on a circle with centre O such that ∠AOB = 90° and ∠BOC = 120°, then ∠ABC =

(a) 60°

(b) 75°

(c) 90°

(d) 135°

Solution:

A, B and C are three points on a circle with centre O

∠AOB = 90° and ∠BOC = 120°

∴ ∠AOC = 360° – (120° + 90°)

= 360° -210°= 150°

But ∠AOC is at the centre made by arc AC and ∠ABC at the remaining part of the circle

∴ ∠ABC = \(\frac { 1 }{ 2 }\) ∠AOC

= \(\frac { 1 }{ 2 }\) x 150° = 75° (b)

Question 18.

The greatest chord of a circle is called its

(a) radius

(b) secant

(c) diameter

(d) none of these

Solution:

The greatest chord of a circle is called its diameter. (c)

Question 19.

Angle formed in minor segment of a circle is

(a) acute

(b) obtuse

(c) right angle

(d) none of these

Solution:

The angle formed in minor segment of a circle is obtuse angle. (b)

Question 20.

Number of circles that can be drawn through three non-collinear points is

(a) 1

(b) 0

(c) 2

(d) 3

Solution:

The number of circles that can pass through three non-collinear points is only one. (a)

Question 21.

In the figure, if chords AB and CD of the circle intersect each other at right angles, then x + y =

(a) 45°

(b) 60°

(c) 75°

(d) 90°

Solution:

In the circle, AB and CD are two chords which intersect each other at P at right angle i.e. ∠CPB = 90°

∠CAB and ∠CDB are in the same segment

∴ ∠CDB = ∠CAB = x

Now in ∆PDB,

Ext. ∠CPB = ∠D + ∠DBP

⇒ 90° = x + y (∵ CD ⊥ AB)

Hence x + y = 90° (d)

Question 22.

In the figure, if ∠ABC = 45°, then ∠AOC=

(a) 45°

(b) 60°

(c) 75°

(d) 90°

Solution:

∵ arc AC subtends

∠AOC at the centre of the circle and ∠ABC

at the remaining part of the circle

∴ ∠AOC = 2∠ABC

= 2 x 45° = 90°

Hence ∠AOC = 90° (d)

Question 23.

In the figure, chords AD and BC intersect each other at right angles at a point P. If ∠D AB = 35°, then ∠ADC =

(a) 35°

(b) 45°

(c) 55°

(d) 65°

Solution:

Two chords AD and BC intersect each other at right angles at P, ∠DAB = 35°

AB and CD are joined

In ∆ABP,

Ext. ∠APC = ∠B + ∠A

⇒ 90° = ∠B + 35°

∠B = 90° – 35° = 55°

∵ ∠ABC and ∠ADC are in the same segment

∴ ∠ADC = ∠ABC = 55° (c)

Question 24.

In the figure, O is the centre of the circle and ∠BDC = 42°. The measure of ∠ACB is

(a) 42°

(b) 48°

(c) 58°

(d) 52°

Solution:

In the figure, O is the centre of the circle

∠BDC = 42°

∠ABC = 90° (Angle in a semicircle)

and ∠BAC and ∠BDC are in the same segment of the circle.

∴ ∠BAC = ∠BDC = 42°

Now in ∆ABC,

∠A + ∠ABC + ∠ACB = 180° (Sum of angles of a triangle)

⇒ 42° + 90° + ∠ACB = 180°

⇒ 132° + ∠ACB – 180°

⇒ ∠ACB = 180° – 132° = 48° (b)

Question 25.

In a circle with centre O, AB and CD are two diameters perpendicular to each other. The length of chord AC is

Solution:

AB and CD are two diameters of a circle with centre O

Question 26.

Two equal circles of radius r intersect such that each passes through the centre of the other. The length of the common chord of the circles is

Solution:

Two equal circles pass through the centre of the other and intersect each other at A and B

Let r be the radius of each circle

Question 27.

If AB is a chord of a circle, P and Q are the two points on the circle different from A and B,then

(a) ∠APB = ∠AQB

(b) ∠APB + ∠AQB = 180° or ∠APB = ∠AQB

(c) ∠APB + ∠AQB = 90°

(d) ∠APB + ∠AQB = 180°

Solution:

AB is chord of a circle,

P and Q are two points other than from points A and B

∵ ∠APB and ∠AQB are in the same segment of the circle

∴ ∠APB = ∠AQB (a)

Question 28.

AB and CD are two parallel chords of a circle with centre O such that AB = 6 cm and CD = 12 cm. The chords are on the same side of the centre and the distance between them is 3 cm. The radius of the circle is

Solution:

AB and CD are two parallel chords of a circle with centre O

Let r be the radius of the circle AB = 6 cm, CD = 12 cm

and distance between them = 3 cm

Join OC and OA, LM = 3 cm

Let OM = x, then OL = x + 3

Question 29.

In a circle of radius 17 cm, two parallel chords are drawn on opposite side of a diameter. This distance between the chords is 23 cm. If the length of one chord is 16 cm then the length of the other is

(a) 34 cm

(b) 15 cm

(c) 23 cm

(d) 30 cm

Solution:

Radius of a circle = 17 cm

The distance between two parallel chords = 23 cm

AB || CD and LM = 23 cm

Join OA and OC,

∴ OA = OC = 17 cm

Let OL = x, then OM = (23 – x) cm

AB = 16 cm

Now in right ∆OAL,

OA^{2} = OL2^{2} + AL^{2}

⇒ (17)^{2} = x^{2} + AL^{2}

⇒ 289 = x^{2} + AL^{2}

Question 30.

In the figure, O is the centre of the circle such that ∠AOC = 130°, then ∠ABC =

(a) 130°

(b) 115°

(c) 65°

(d) 165°

Solution:

O is the centre of the circle and ∠AOC = 130°

Reflex ∠AOC = 360° – 130° = 230°

Now arc ADB subtends ∠AOC at the centre and ∠ABC at the remaining part of the circle

∴ ∠ABC = \(\frac { 1 }{ 2 }\)reflex ∠AOC

= \(\frac { 1 }{ 2 }\) x 230°= 115° (b)

Class 9 Chapter 15 Areas of Parallelograms and Triangles 15.1 and 15.2

Class 9 Chapter 15 Areas of Parallelograms and Triangles 15.3