## RD Sharma Class 9 Solutions Chapter 11 Coordinate Geometry

### RD Sharma Class 9 Solutions Chapter 11 Coordinate Geometry Ex 11.1

Question 1.

In a ∆ABC, if ∠A = 55°, ∠B = 40°, find ∠C.

Solution:

∵ Sum of three angles of a triangle is 180°

∴ In ∆ABC, ∠A = 55°, ∠B = 40°

But ∠A + ∠B + ∠C = 180° (Sum of angles of a triangle)

⇒ 55° + 40° + ∠C = 180°

⇒ 95° + ∠C = 180°

∴ ∠C= 180° -95° = 85°

Question 2.

If the angles of a triangle are in the ratio 1:2:3, determine three angles.

Solution:

Ratio in three angles of a triangle =1:2:3

Let first angle = x

Then second angle = 2x

and third angle = 3x

∴ x + 2x + 3x = 180° (Sum of angles of a triangle)

⇒6x = 180°

⇒x = \(\frac { { 180 }^{ \circ } }{ 6 }\) = 30°

∴ First angle = x = 30°

Second angle = 2x = 2 x 30° = 60°

and third angle = 3x = 3 x 30° = 90°

∴ Angles are 30°, 60°, 90°

Question 3.

The angles of a triangle are (x – 40)°, (x – 20)° and (\(\frac { 1 }{ 2 }\) x – 10)°. Find the value of x.

Solution:

∵ Sum of three angles of a triangle = 180°

∴ (x – 40)° + (x – 20)° + (\(\frac { 1 }{ 2 }\)x-10)0 = 180°

⇒ x – 40° + x – 20° + \(\frac { 1 }{ 2 }\)x – 10° = 180°

⇒ x + x+ \(\frac { 1 }{ 2 }\)x – 70° = 180°

⇒ \(\frac { 5 }{ 2 }\)x = 180° + 70° = 250°

⇒ x = \(\frac { { 250 }^{ \circ }x 2 }{ 5 }\) = 100°

∴ x = 100°

Question 4.

Two angles of a triangle are equal and the third angle is greater than each of those angles by 30°. Determine all the angles of the triangle.

Solution:

Let each of the two equal angles = x

Then third angle = x + 30°

But sum of the three angles of a triangle is 180°

∴ x + x + x + 30° = 180°

⇒ 3x + 30° = 180°

⇒3x = 150° ⇒x = \(\frac { { 150 }^{ \circ } }{ 3 }\) = 50°

∴ Each equal angle = 50°

and third angle = 50° + 30° = 80°

∴ Angles are 50°, 50° and 80°

Question 5.

If one angle of a triangle is equal to the sum of the other two, show that the triangle is a right triangle.

Solution:

In the triangle ABC,

∠B = ∠A + ∠C

But ∠A + ∠B + ∠C = 180°

⇒∠B + ∠A + ∠C = 180°

⇒∠B + ∠B = 180°

⇒2∠B = 180°

∴ ∠B = \(\frac { { 180 }^{ \circ } }{ 2 }\) = 90°

∵ One angle of the triangle is 90°

∴ ∆ABC is a right triangle.

Question 6.

Can a triangle have:

(i) Two right angles?

(ii) Two obtuse angles?

(iii) Two acute angles?

(iv) All angles more than 60°?

(v) All angles less than 60°?

(vi) All angles equal to 60°?

Justify your answer in each case.

Solution:

(i) In a triangle, two right-angles cannot be possible. We know that sum of three angles is 180° and if there are two right-angles, then the third angle will be zero which is not possible.

(ii) In a triangle, two obtuse angle cannot be possible. We know that the sum of the three angles of a triangle is 180° and if there are

two obtuse angle, then the third angle will be negative which is not possible.

(iii) In a triangle, two acute angles are possible as sum of three angles of a trianlge is 180°.

(iv) All angles more than 60°, they are also not possible as the sum will be more than 180°.

(v) All angles less than 60°. They are also not possible as the sum will be less than 180°.

(vi) All angles equal to 60°. This is possible as the sum will be 60° x 3 = 180°.

Question 7.

The angles of a triangle are arranged in ascending order of magnitude. If the difference between two consecutive angle is 10°, find the three angles.

Solution:

Let three angles of a triangle be x°, (x + 10)°, (x + 20)°

But sum of three angles of a triangle is 180°

∴ x + (x+ 10)° + (x + 20) = 180°

⇒ x + x+10°+ x + 20 = 180°

⇒ 3x + 30° = 180°

⇒ 3x = 180° – 30° = 150°

∴ x = \(\frac { { 180 }^{ \circ } }{ 2 }\) = 50°

∴ Angle are 50°, 50 + 10, 50 + 20

i.e. 50°, 60°, 70°

Question 8.

ABC is a triangle is which ∠A = 72°, the internal bisectors of angles B and C meet in O. Find the magnitude of ∠BOC.

Solution:

In ∆ABC, ∠A = 12° and bisectors of ∠B and ∠C meet at O

Now ∠B + ∠C = 180° – 12° = 108°

∵ OB and OC are the bisectors of ∠B and ∠C respectively

∴ ∠OBC + ∠OCB = \(\frac { 1 }{ 2 }\) (B + C)

= \(\frac { 1 }{ 2 }\) x 108° = 54°

But in ∆OBC,

∴ ∠OBC + ∠OCB + ∠BOC = 180°

⇒ 54° + ∠BOC = 180°

∠BOC = 180°-54°= 126°

OR

According to corollary,

∠BOC = 90°+ \(\frac { 1 }{ 2 }\) ∠A

= 90+ \(\frac { 1 }{ 2 }\) x 72° = 90° + 36° = 126°

Question 9.

The bisectors of base angles of a triangle cannot enclose a right angle in any case.

Solution:

In right ∆ABC, ∠A is the vertex angle and OB and OC are the bisectors of ∠B and ∠C respectively

To prove : ∠BOC cannot be a right angle

Proof: ∵ OB and OC are the bisectors of ∠B and ∠C respectively

∴ ∠BOC = 90° x \(\frac { 1 }{ 2 }\) ∠A

Let ∠BOC = 90°, then

\(\frac { 1 }{ 2 }\) ∠A = O

⇒∠A = O

Which is not possible because the points A, B and C will be on the same line Hence, ∠BOC cannot be a right angle.

Question 10.

If the bisectors of the base angles of a triangle enclose an angle of 135°. Prove that the triangle is a right triangle.

Solution:

Given : In ∆ABC, OB and OC are the bisectors of ∠B and ∠C and ∠BOC = 135°

To prove : ∆ABC is a right angled triangle

Proof: ∵ Bisectors of base angles ∠B and ∠C of the ∆ABC meet at O

∴ ∠BOC = 90°+ \(\frac { 1 }{ 2 }\)∠A

But ∠BOC =135°

∴ 90°+ \(\frac { 1 }{ 2 }\) ∠A = 135°

⇒ \(\frac { 1 }{ 2 }\)∠A= 135° -90° = 45°

∴ ∠A = 45° x 2 = 90°

∴ ∆ABC is a right angled triangle

Question 11.

In a ∆ABC, ∠ABC = ∠ACB and the bisectors of ∠ABC and ∠ACB intersect at O such that ∠BOC = 120°. Show that ∠A = ∠B = ∠C = 60°.

Solution:

Given : In ∠ABC, BO and CO are the bisectors of ∠B and ∠C respectively and ∠BOC = 120° and ∠ABC = ∠ACB

To prove : ∠A = ∠B = ∠C = 60°

Proof : ∵ BO and CO are the bisectors of ∠B and ∠C

∴ ∠BOC = 90° + \(\frac { 1 }{ 2 }\)∠A

But ∠BOC = 120°

∴ 90°+ \(\frac { 1 }{ 2 }\) ∠A = 120°

∴ \(\frac { 1 }{ 2 }\) ∠A = 120° – 90° = 30°

∴ ∠A = 60°

∵ ∠A + ∠B + ∠C = 180° (Angles of a triangle)

∠B + ∠C = 180° – 60° = 120° and ∠B = ∠C

∵ ∠B = ∠C = \(\frac { { 120 }^{ \circ } }{ 2 }\) = 60°

Hence ∠A = ∠B = ∠C = 60°

Question 12.

If each angle of a triangle is less than the sum of the other two, show that the triangle is acute angled.

Solution:

In a ∆ABC,

Let ∠A < ∠B + ∠C

⇒∠A + ∠A < ∠A + ∠B + ∠C

⇒ 2∠A < 180°

⇒ ∠A < 90° (∵ Sum of angles of a triangle is 180°)

Similarly, we can prove that

∠B < 90° and ∠C < 90°

∴ Each angle of the triangle are acute angle.

### RD Sharma Solutions Class 9 Chapter 11 Coordinate Geometry Ex 11.2

Question 1.

The exterior angles obtained on producing the base of a triangle both ways are 104° and 136°. Find all the angles of the triangle.

Solution:

In ∆ABC, base BC is produced both ways to D and E respectivley forming ∠ABE = 104° and ∠ACD = 136°

Question 2.

In the figure, the sides BC, CA and AB of a ∆ABC have been produced to D, E and F respectively. If ∠ACD = 105° and ∠EAF = 45°, find all the angles of the ∆ABC.

Solution:

In ∆ABC, sides BC, CA and BA are produced to D, E and F respectively.

∠ACD = 105° and ∠EAF = 45°

∠ACD + ∠ACB = 180° (Linear pair)

⇒ 105° + ∠ACB = 180°

⇒ ∠ACB = 180°- 105° = 75°

∠BAC = ∠EAF (Vertically opposite angles)

= 45°

But ∠BAC + ∠ABC + ∠ACB = 180°

⇒ 45° + ∠ABC + 75° = 180°

⇒ 120° +∠ABC = 180°

⇒ ∠ABC = 180°- 120°

∴ ∠ABC = 60°

Hence ∠ABC = 60°, ∠BCA = 75°

and ∠BAC = 45°

Question 3.

Compute the value of x in each of the following figures:

Solution:

(i) In ∆ABC, sides BC and CA are produced to D and E respectively

(ii) In ∆ABC, side BC is produced to either side to D and E respectively

∠ABE = 120° and ∠ACD =110°

∵ ∠ABE + ∠ABC = 180° (Linear pair)

(iii) In the figure, BA || DC

Question 4.

In the figure, AC ⊥ CE and ∠A: ∠B : ∠C = 3:2:1, find the value of ∠ECD.

Solution:

In ∆ABC, ∠A : ∠B : ∠C = 3 : 2 : 1

BC is produced to D and CE ⊥ AC

∵ ∠A + ∠B + ∠C = 180° (Sum of angles of a triangles)

Let∠A = 3x, then ∠B = 2x and ∠C = x

∴ 3x + 2x + x = 180° ⇒ 6x = 180°

⇒ x = \(\frac { { 180 }^{ \circ } }{ 6 }\) = 30°

∴ ∠A = 3x = 3 x 30° = 90°

∠B = 2x = 2 x 30° = 60°

∠C = x = 30°

In ∆ABC,

Ext. ∠ACD = ∠A + ∠B

⇒ 90° + ∠ECD = 90° + 60° = 150°

∴ ∠ECD = 150°-90° = 60°

Question 5.

In the figure, AB || DE, find ∠ACD.

Solution:

In the figure, AB || DE

AE and BD intersect each other at C ∠BAC = 30° and ∠CDE = 40°

∵ AB || DE

∴ ∠ABC = ∠CDE (Alternate angles)

⇒ ∠ABC = 40°

In ∆ABC, BC is produced

Ext. ∠ACD = Int. ∠A + ∠B

= 30° + 40° = 70°

Question 6.

Which of the following statements are true (T) and which are false (F):

(i) Sum of the three angles of a triangle is 180°.

(ii) A triangle can have two right angles.

(iii) All the angles of a triangle can be less than 60°.

(iv) All the angles of a triangle can be greater than 60°.

(v) All the angles of a triangle can be equal to 60°.

(vi) A triangle can have two obtuse angles.

(vii) A triangle can have at most one obtuse angles.

(viii) If one angle of a triangle is obtuse, then it cannot be a right angled triangle.

(ix) An exterior angle of a triangle is less than either of its interior opposite angles.

(x) An exterior angle of a triangle is equal to the sum of the two interior opposite angles.

(xi) An exterior angle of a triangle is greater than the opposite interior angles.

Solution:

(i) True.

(ii) False. A right triangle has only one right angle.

(iii) False. In this, the sum of three angles will be less than 180° which is not true.

(iv) False. In this, the sum of three angles will be more than 180° which is not true.

(v) True. As sum of three angles will be 180° which is true.

(vi) False. A triangle has only one obtuse angle.

(vii) True.

(viii)True.

(ix) False. Exterior angle of a triangle is always greater than its each interior opposite angles.

(x) True.

(xi) True.

Question 7.

Fill in the blanks to make the following statements true:

(i) Sum of the angles of a triangle is ………

(ii) An exterior angle of a triangle is equal to the two …….. opposite angles.

(iii) An exterior angle of a triangle is always …….. than either of the interior opposite angles.

(iv) A triangle cannot have more than ………. right angles.

(v) A triangles cannot have more than ……… obtuse angles.

Solution:

(i) Sum of the angles of a triangle is 180°.

(ii) An exterior angle of a triangle is equal to the two interior opposite angles.

(iii) An exterior angle of a triangle is always greater than either of the interior opposite angles.

(iv) A triangle cannot have more than one right angles.

(v) A triangles cannot have more than one obtuse angles.

Question 8.

In a ∆ABC, the internal bisectors of ∠B and ∠C meet at P and the external bisectors of ∠B and ∠C meet at Q. Prove that ∠BPC + ∠BQC = 180°.

Solution:

Given : In ∆ABC, sides AB and AC are produced to D and E respectively. Bisectors of interior ∠B and ∠C meet at P and bisectors of exterior angles B and C meet at Q.

To prove : ∠BPC + ∠BQC = 180°

Proof : ∵ PB and PC are the internal bisectors of ∠B and ∠C

∠BPC = 90°+ \(\frac { 1 }{ 2 }\) ∠A …(i)

Similarly, QB and QC are the bisectors of exterior angles B and C

∴ ∠BQC = 90° + \(\frac { 1 }{ 2 }\) ∠A …(ii)

Adding (i) and (ii),

∠BPC + ∠BQC = 90° + \(\frac { 1 }{ 2 }\) ∠A + 90° – \(\frac { 1 }{ 2 }\) ∠A

= 90° + 90° = 180°

Hence ∠BPC + ∠BQC = 180°

Question 9.

In the figure, compute the value of x.

Solution:

In the figure,

∠ABC = 45°, ∠BAD = 35° and ∠BCD = 50° Join BD and produce it E

Question 10.

In the figure, AB divides ∠D AC in the ratio 1 : 3 and AB = DB. Determine the value of x.

Solution:

In the figure AB = DB

Question 11.

ABC is a triangle. The bisector of the exterior angle at B and the bisector of ∠C intersect each other at D. Prove that ∠D = \(\frac { 1 }{ 2 }\) ∠A.

Solution:

Given : In ∠ABC, CB is produced to E bisectors of ext. ∠ABE and into ∠ACB meet at D.

Question 12.

In the figure, AM ⊥ BC and AN is the bisector of ∠A. If ∠B = 65° and ∠C = 33°, find ∠MAN.

Solution:

Question 13.

In a AABC, AD bisects ∠A and ∠C > ∠B. Prove that ∠ADB > ∠ADC.

Solution:

Given : In ∆ABC,

∠C > ∠B and AD is the bisector of ∠A

To prove : ∠ADB > ∠ADC

Proof: In ∆ABC, AD is the bisector of ∠A

∴ ∠1 = ∠2

In ∆ADC,

Ext. ∠ADB = ∠l+ ∠C

⇒ ∠C = ∠ADB – ∠1 …(i)

Similarly, in ∆ABD,

Ext. ∠ADC = ∠2 + ∠B

⇒ ∠B = ∠ADC – ∠2 …(ii)

From (i) and (ii)

∵ ∠C > ∠B (Given)

∴ (∠ADB – ∠1) > (∠ADC – ∠2)

But ∠1 = ∠2

∴ ∠ADB > ∠ADC

Question 14.

In ∆ABC, BD ⊥ AC and CE ⊥ AB. If BD and CE intersect at O, prove that ∠BOC = 180°-∠A.

Solution:

Given : In ∆ABC, BD ⊥ AC and CE⊥ AB BD and CE intersect each other at O

To prove : ∠BOC = 180° – ∠A

Proof: In quadrilateral ADOE

∠A + ∠D + ∠DOE + ∠E = 360° (Sum of angles of quadrilateral)

⇒ ∠A + 90° + ∠DOE + 90° = 360°

∠A + ∠DOE = 360° – 90° – 90° = 180°

But ∠BOC = ∠DOE (Vertically opposite angles)

⇒ ∠A + ∠BOC = 180°

∴ ∠BOC = 180° – ∠A

Question 15.

In the figure, AE bisects ∠CAD and ∠B = ∠C. Prove that AE || BC.

Solution:

Given : In AABC, BA is produced and AE is the bisector of ∠CAD

∠B = ∠C

To prove : AE || BC

Proof: In ∆ABC, BA is produced

∴ Ext. ∠CAD = ∠B + ∠C

⇒ 2∠EAC = ∠C + ∠C (∵ AE is the bisector of ∠CAE) (∵ ∠B = ∠C)

⇒ 2∠EAC = 2∠C

⇒ ∠EAC = ∠C

But there are alternate angles

∴ AE || BC

### RD Sharma Solutions Class 9 Chapter 11 Coordinate Geometry VSAQS

Question 1.

Define a triangle.

Solution:

A figure bounded by three lines segments in a plane is called a triangle.

Question 2.

Write the sum of the angles of an obtuse triangle.

Solution:

The sum of angles of an obtuse triangle is 180°.

Question 3.

In ∆ABC, if ∠B = 60°, ∠C = 80° and the bisectors of angles ∠ABC and ∠ACB meet at a point O, then find the measure of ∠BOC.

Solution:

In ∆ABC, ∠B = 60°, ∠C = 80°

OB and OC are the bisectors of ∠B and ∠C

∵ ∠A + ∠B + ∠C = 180° (Sum of angles of a triangle)

⇒ ∠A + 60° + 80° = 180°

⇒ ∠A + 140° = 180°

∴ ∠A = 180°- 140° = 40°

= 90° + – x 40° = 90° + 20° = 110°

Question 4.

If the angles of a triangle are in the ratio 2:1:3. Then find the measure of smallest angle.

Solution:

Sum of angles of a triangle = 180°

Ratio in the angles = 2 : 1 : 3

Let first angle = 2x

Second angle = x

and third angle = 3x

∴ 2x + x + 3x = 180° ⇒ 6x = 180°

∴ x = \(\frac { { 180 }^{ \circ } }{ 6 }\) = 30°

∴ First angle = 2x = 2 x 30° = 60°

Second angle = x = 30°

and third angle = 3x = 3 x 30° = 90°

Hence angles are 60°, 30°, 90°

Question 5.

State exterior angle theorem.

Solution:

Given : In ∆ABC, side BC is produced to D

To prove : ∠ACD = ∠A + ∠B

Proof: In ∆ABC,

∠A + ∠B + ∠ACB = 180° …(i) (Sum of angles of a triangle)

and ∠ACD + ∠ACB = 180° …(ii) (Linear pair)

From (i) and (ii)

∠ACD + ∠ACB = ∠A + ∠B + ∠ACB

∠ACD = ∠A + ∠B

Hence proved.

Question 6.

The sum of two angles of a triangle is equal to its third angle. Determine the measure of the third angle.

Solution:

In ∆ABC,

∠A + ∠C = ∠B

But ∠A + ∠B + ∠C = 180° (Sum of angles of a triangle)

∴ ∠B + ∠A + ∠C = 180°

⇒ ∠B + ∠B = 180°

⇒ 2∠B = 180°

⇒ ∠B = \(\frac { { 180 }^{ \circ } }{ 2 }\) = 90°

∴ Third angle = 90°

Question 7.

In the figure, if AB || CD, EF || BC, ∠BAC = 65° and ∠DHF = 35°, find ∠AGH.

Solution:

Given : In figure, AB || CD, EF || BC ∠BAC = 65°, ∠DHF = 35°

∵ EF || BC

∴ ∠A = ∠ACH (Alternate angle)

∴ ∠ACH = 65°

∵∠GHC = ∠DHF

(Vertically opposite angles)

∴ ∠GHC = 35°

Now in ∆GCH,

Ext. ∠AGH = ∠GCH + ∠GHC

= 65° + 35° = 100°

Question 8.

In the figure, if AB || DE and BD || FG such that ∠FGH = 125° and ∠B = 55°, find x and y.

Solution:

In the figure, AB || DF, BD || FG

∠FGH = 125° and ∠B = 55°

∠FGH + FGE = 180° (Linear pair)

⇒ 125° + y – 180°

⇒ y= 180°- 125° = 55°

∵ BA || FD and BD || FG

∠B = ∠F = 55°

Now in ∆EFG,

∠F + ∠FEG + ∠FGE = 180°

(Angles of a triangle)

⇒ 55° + x + 55° = 180°

⇒ x+ 110°= 180°

∴ x= 180°- 110° = 70°

Hence x = 70, y = 55°

Question 9.

If the angles A, B and C of ∆ABC satisfy the relation B – A = C – B, then find the measure of ∠B.

Solution:

In ∆ABC,

∠A + ∠B + ∠C= 180° …(i)

and B – A = C – B

⇒ B + B = A + C ⇒ 2B = A + C

From (i),

B + 2B = 180° ⇒ 3B = 180°

∠B = \(\frac { { 180 }^{ \circ } }{ 3 }\) = 60°

Hence ∠B = 60°

Question 10.

In ∆ABC, if bisectors of ∠ABC and ∠ACB intersect at O at angle of 120°, then find the measure of ∠A.

Solution:

In ∆ABC, bisectors of ∠B and ∠C intersect at O and ∠BOC = 120°

But ∠BOC = 90°+ \(\frac { 1 }{ 2 }\)

90°+ \(\frac { 1 }{ 2 }\) ∠A= 120°

⇒ \(\frac { 1 }{ 2 }\) ∠A= 120°-90° = 30°

∴ ∠A = 2 x 30° = 60°

Question 11.

If the side BC of ∆ABC is produced on both sides, then write the difference between the sum of the exterior angles so formed and ∠A.

Solution:

In ∆ABC, side BC is produced on both sides forming exterior ∠ABE and ∠ACD

Ext. ∠ABE = ∠A + ∠ACB

and Ext. ∠ACD = ∠ABC + ∠A

Adding we get,

∠ABE + ∠ACD = ∠A + ∠ACB + ∠A + ∠ABC

⇒ ∠ABE + ∠ACD – ∠A = ∠A 4- ∠ACB + ∠A + ∠ABC – ∠A (Subtracting ∠A from both sides)

= ∠A + ∠ABC + ∠ACB = ∠A + ∠B + ∠C = 180° (Sum of angles of a triangle)

Question 12.

In a triangle ABC, if AB = AC and AB is produced to D such that BD = BC, find ∠ACD: ∠ADC.

Solution:

In ∆ABC, AB = AC

AB is produced to D such that BD = BC

DC are joined

In ∆ABC, AB = AC

∴ ∠ABC = ∠ACB

In ∆ BCD, BD = BC

∴ ∠BDC = ∠BCD

and Ext. ∠ABC = ∠BDC + ∠BCD = 2∠BDC (∵ ∠BDC = ∠BCD)

⇒ ∠ACB = 2∠BCD (∵ ∠ABC = ∠ACB)

Adding ∠BDC to both sides

⇒ ∠ACB + ∠BDC = 2∠BDC + ∠BDC

⇒ ∠ACB + ∠BCD = 3 ∠BDC (∵ ∠BDC = ∠BCD)

⇒ ∠ACB = 3∠BDC

Question 13.

In the figure, side BC of AABC is produced to point D such that bisectors of ∠ABC and ∠ACD meet at a point E. If ∠BAC = 68°, find ∠BEC.

Solution:

In the figure,

side BC of ∆ABC is produced to D such that bisectors of ∠ABC and ∠ACD meet at E

∠BAC = 68°

In ∆ABC,

Ext. ∠ACD = ∠A + ∠B

⇒ \(\frac { 1 }{ 2 }\) ∠ACD = \(\frac { 1 }{ 2 }\) ∠A + \(\frac { 1 }{ 2 }\) ∠B

⇒ ∠2= \(\frac { 1 }{ 2 }\) ∠A + ∠1 …(i)

But in ∆BCE,

Ext. ∠2 = ∠E + ∠l

⇒ ∠E + ∠l = ∠2 = \(\frac { 1 }{ 2 }\) ∠A + ∠l [From (i)]

⇒ ∠E = \(\frac { 1 }{ 2 }\) ∠A = \(\frac { { 68 }^{ \circ } }{ 2 }\) =34°

### Class 9 RD Sharma Solutions Chapter 11 Coordinate Geometry MCQS

Mark the correct alternative in each of the following:

Question 1.

If all the three angles of a triangle are equal, then each one of them is equal to

(a) 90°

(b) 45°

(c) 60°

(d) 30°

Solution:

∵ Sum of three angles of a triangle = 180°

∴ Each angle = \(\frac { { 180 }^{ \circ } }{ 3 }\) = 60° (c)

Question 2.

If two acute angles of a right triangle are equal, then each acute is equal to

(a) 30°

(b) 45°

(c) 60°

(d) 90°

Solution:

In a right triangle, one angle = 90°

∴ Sum of other two acute angles = 180° – 90° = 90°

∵ Both angles are equal

∴ Each angle will be = \(\frac { { 90 }^{ \circ } }{ 2 }\) = 45° (b)

Question 3.

An exterior angle of a triangle is equal to 100° and two interior opposite angles are equal. Each of these angles is equal to

(a) 75°

(b) 80°

(c) 40°

(d) 50°

Solution:

In a triangle, exterior angles is equal to the sum of its interior opposite angles

∴ Sum of interior opposite angles = 100°

∵ Both angles are equal

∴ Each angle will be = \(\frac { { 100 }^{ \circ } }{ 2 }\) = 50° (d)

Question 4.

If one angle of a triangle is equal to the sum of the other two angles, then the triangle is

(a) an isosceles triangle

(b) an obtuse triangle

(c) an equilateral triangle

(d) a right triangle

Solution:

Let ∠A, ∠B, ∠C be the angles of a ∆ABC and let ∠A = ∠B + ∠C

But ∠A + ∠B + ∠C = 180°

( Sum of angles of a triangle)

∴ ∠A + ∠A = 180° ⇒ 2∠A = 180°

⇒ ∠A = \(\frac { { 180 }^{ \circ } }{ 2 }\) = 90°

∴ ∆ is a right triangle (d)

Question 5.

Side BC of a triangle ABC has been produced to a point D such that ∠ACD = 120°. If ∠B = \(\frac { 1 }{ 2 }\)∠A, then ∠A is equal to

(a) 80°

(b) 75°

(c) 60°

(d) 90°

Solution:

Side BC of ∆ABC is produced to D, then

Ext. ∠ACB = ∠A + ∠B

(Exterior angle of a triangle is equal to the sum of its interior opposite angles)

Question 6.

In ∆ABC, ∠B = ∠C and ray AX bisects the exterior angle ∠DAC. If ∠DAX = 70°, then ∠ACB =

(a) 35°

(b) 90°

(c) 70°

(d) 55°

Solution:

In ∆ABC, ∠B = ∠C

AX is the bisector of ext. ∠CAD

∠DAX = 70°

∴ ∠DAC = 70° x 2 = 140°

But Ext. ∠DAC = ∠B + ∠C

= ∠C + ∠C (∵ ∠B = ∠C)

= 2∠C

∴ 2∠C = 140° ⇒ ∠C = \(\frac { { 140 }^{ \circ } }{ 2 }\) = 70°

∴ ∠ACB = 70° (c)

Question 7.

In a triangle, an exterior angle at a vertex is 95° and its one of the interior opposite angle is 55°, then the measure of the other interior angle is

(a) 55°

(b) 85°

(c) 40°

(d) 9.0°

Solution:

In ∆ABC, BA is produced to D such that ∠CAD = 95°

and let ∠C = 55° and ∠B = x°

∵ Exterior angle of a triangle is equal to the sum of its opposite interior angle

∴ ∠CAD = ∠B + ∠C ⇒ 95° = x + 55°

⇒ x = 95° – 55° = 40°

∴ Other interior angle = 40° (c)

Question 8.

If the sides of a triangle are produced in order, then the sum of the three exterior angles so formed is

(a) 90°

(b) 180°

(c) 270°

(d) 360°

Solution:

In ∆ABC, sides AB, BC and CA are produced in order, then exterior ∠FAB, ∠DBC and ∠ACE are formed

We know an exterior angles of a triangle is equal to the sum of its interior opposite angles

∴ ∠FAB = ∠B + ∠C

∠DBC = ∠C + ∠A and

∠ACE = ∠A + ∠B Adding we get,

∠FAB + ∠DBC + ∠ACE = ∠B + ∠C + ∠C + ∠A + ∠A + ∠B

= 2(∠A + ∠B + ∠C)

= 2 x 180° (Sum of angles of a triangle)

= 360° (d)

Question 9.

In ∆ABC, if ∠A = 100°, AD bisects ∠A and AD⊥ BC. Then, ∠B =

(a) 50°

(b) 90°

(c) 40°

(d) 100°

Solution:

In ∆ABC, ∠A = 100°

AD is bisector of ∠A and AD ⊥ BC

Now, ∠BAD = \(\frac { { 100 }^{ \circ } }{ 2 }\) = 50°

In ∆ABD,

∠BAD + ∠B + ∠D= 180°

(Sum of angles of a triangle)

⇒ ∠50° + ∠B + 90° = 180°

∠B + 140° = 180°

⇒ ∠B = 180° – 140° ∠B = 40° (c)

Question 10.

An exterior angle of a triangle is 108° and its interior opposite angles are in the ratio 4:5. The angles of the triangle are

(a) 48°, 60°, 72°

(b) 50°, 60°, 70°

(c) 52°, 56°, 72°

(d) 42°, 60°, 76°

Solution:

In ∆ABC, BC is produced to D and ∠ACD = 108°

Ratio in ∠A : ∠B = 4:5

∵ Exterior angle of a triangle is equal to the sum of its opposite interior angles

∴ ∠ACD = ∠A + ∠B = 108°

Ratio in ∠A : ∠B = 4:5

Question 11.

In a ∆ABC, if ∠A = 60°, ∠B = 80° and the bisectors of ∠B and ∠C meet at O, then ∠BOC =

(a) 60°

(b) 120°

(c) 150°

(d) 30°

Solution:

In ∆ABC, ∠A = 60°, ∠B = 80°

∴ ∠C = 180° – (∠A + ∠B)

= 180° – (60° + 80°)

= 180° – 140° = 40°

Bisectors of ∠B and ∠C meet at O

Question 12.

Line segments AB and CD intersect at O such that AC || DB. If ∠CAB = 45° and ∠CDB = 55°, then ∠BOD =

(a) 100°

(b) 80°

(c) 90°

(d) 135°

Solution:

In the figure,

AB and CD intersect at O

and AC || DB, ∠CAB = 45°

and ∠CDB = 55°

∵ AC || DB

∴ ∠CAB = ∠ABD (Alternate angles)

In ∆OBD,

∠BOD = 180° – (∠CDB + ∠ABD)

= 180° – (55° + 45°)

= 180° – 100° = 80° (b)

Question 13.

In the figure, if EC || AB, ∠ECD = 70° and ∠BDO = 20°, then ∠OBD is

(a) 20°

(b) 50°

(c) 60°

(d) 70°

Solution:

In the figure, EC || AB

∠ECD = 70°, ∠BDO = 20°

∵ EC || AB

∠AOD = ∠ECD (Corresponding angles)

⇒ ∠AOD = 70°

In ∆OBD,

Ext. ∠AOD = ∠OBD + ∠BDO

70° = ∠OBD + 20°

⇒ ∠OBD = 70° – 20° = 50° (b)

Question 14.

In the figure, x + y =

(a) 270

(b) 230

(c) 210

(d) 190°

Solution:

In the figure

Ext. ∠OAE = ∠AOC + ∠ACO

⇒ x = 40° + 80° = 120°

Similarly,

Ext. ∠DBF = ∠ODB + ∠DOB

y = 70° + ∠DOB

[(∵ ∠AOC = ∠DOB) (vertically opp. angles)]

= 70° + 40° = 110°

∴ x+y= 120°+ 110° = 230° (b)

Question 15.

If the measures of angles of a triangle are in the ratio of 3 : 4 : 5, what is the measure of the smallest angle of the triangle?

(a) 25°

(b) 30°

(c) 45°

(d) 60°

Solution:

Ratio in the measures of the triangle =3:4:5

Sum of angles of a triangle = 180°

Let angles be 3x, 4x, 5x

Sum of angles = 3x + 4x + 5x = 12x

∴ Smallest angle = \(\frac { 180 x 3x }{ 12x }\) = 45° (c)

Question 16.

In the figure, if AB ⊥ BC, then x =

(a) 18

(b) 22

(c) 25

(d) 32

Solution:

In the figure, AB ⊥ BC

∠AGF = 32°

∴ ∠CGB = ∠AGF (Vertically opposite angles)

= 32°

In ∆GCB, ∠B = 90°

∴ ∠CGB + ∠GCB = 90°

⇒ 32° + ∠GCB = 90°

⇒ ∠GCB = 90° – 32° = 58°

Now in ∆GDC,

Ext. ∠GCB = ∠CDG + ∠DGC

⇒ 58° = x + 14° + x

⇒ 2x + 14° = 58°

⇒ 2x = 58 – 14° = 44

⇒ x = \(\frac { 44 }{ 2 }\) = 22°

∴ x = 22° (b)

Question 17.

In the figure, what is ∠ in terms of x and y?

(a) x + y + 180

(b) x + y – 180

(c) 180° -(x+y)

(d) x+y + 360°

Solution:

In the figure, BC is produced both sides CA and BA are also produced

In ∆ABC,

∠B = 180° -y

and ∠C 180° – x

∴ z = ∠A = 180° – (B + C)

= 180° – (180 – y + 180 -x)

= 180° – (360° – x – y)

= 180° – 360° + x + y = x + y – 180° (b)

Question 18.

In the figure, for which value of x is l_{1} || l_{2}?

(a) 37

(b) 43

(c) 45

(d) 47

Solution:

In the figure, l_{1} || l_{2}

∴ ∠EBA = ∠BAH (Alternate angles)

∴ ∠BAH = 78°

⇒ ∠BAC + ∠CAH = 78°

⇒ ∠BAC + 35° = 78°

⇒ ∠BAC = 78° – 35° = 43°

In ∆ABC, ∠C = 90°

∴ ∠ABC + ∠BAC = 90°

⇒ x + 43° = 90° ⇒ x = 90° – 43°

∴ x = 47° (d)

Question 19.

In the figure, what is y in terms of x?

Solution:

In ∆ABC,

∠ACB = 180° – (x + 2x)

= 180° – 3x …(i)

and in ∆BDG,

∠BED = 180° – (2x + y) …(ii)

∠EGC = ∠AGD (Vertically opposite angles)

= 3y

In quad. BCGE,

∠B + ∠ACB + ∠CGE + ∠BED = 360° (Sum of angles of a quadrilateral)

⇒ 2x+ 180° – 3x + 3y + 180°- 2x-y = 360°

⇒ -3x + 2y = 0

⇒ 3x = 2y ⇒ y = \(\frac { 3 }{ 2 }\)x (a)

Question 20.

In the figure, what is the value of x?

(a) 35

(b) 45

(c) 50

(d) 60

Solution:

In the figure, side AB is produced to D

∴ ∠CBA + ∠CBD = 180° (Linear pair)

⇒ 7y + 5y = 180°

⇒ 12y = 180°

⇒ y = \(\frac { 180 }{ 12 }\) = 15

and Ext. ∠CBD = ∠A + ∠C

⇒ 7y = 3y + x

⇒ 7y -3y = x

⇒ 4y = x

∴ x = 4 x 15 = 60 (d)

Question 21.

In the figure, the value of x is

(a) 65°

(b) 80°

(c) 95°

(d) 120°

Solution:

In the figure, ∠A = 55°, ∠D = 25° and ∠C = 40°

Now in ∆ABD,

Ext. ∠DBC = ∠A + ∠D

= 55° + 25° = 80°

Similarly, in ∆BCE,

Ext. ∠DEC = ∠EBC + ∠ECB

= 80° + 40° = 120° (d)

Question 22.

In the figure, if BP || CQ and AC = BC, then the measure of x is

(a) 20°

(b) 25°

(c) 30°

(d) 35°

Solution:

In the figure, AC = BC, BP || CQ

∵ BP || CQ

∴ ∠PBC – ∠QCD

⇒ 20° + ∠ABC = 70°

⇒ ∠ABC = 70° – 20° = 50°

∵ BC = AC

∴ ∠ACB = ∠ABC (Angles opposite to equal sides)

= 50°

Now in ∆ABC,

Ext. ∠ACD = ∠B + ∠A

⇒ x + 70° = 50° + 50°

⇒ x + 70° = 100°

∴ x = 100° – 70° = 30° (c)

Question 23.

In the figure, AB and CD are parallel lines and transversal EF intersects them at P and Q respectively. If ∠APR = 25°, ∠RQC = 30° and ∠CQF = 65°, then

(a) x = 55°, y = 40°

(b) x = 50°, y = 45°

(c) x = 60°, y = 35°

(d) x = 35°, y = 60°

Solution:

In the figure,

∵ AB || CD, EF intersects them at P and Q respectively,

∠APR = 25°, ∠RQC = 30°, ∠CQF = 65°

∵ AB || CD

∴ ∠APQ = ∠CQF (Corresponding anlges)

⇒ y + 25° = 65°

⇒ y = 65° – 25° = 40°

and APQ + PQC = 180° (Co-interior angles)

y + 25° + ∠1 +30°= 180°

40° + 25° + ∠1 + 30° = 180°

⇒ ∠1 + 95° = 180°

∴ ∠1 = 180° – 95° = 85°

Now, ∆PQR,

∠RPQ + ∠PQR + ∠PRQ = 180° (Sum of angles of a triangle)

⇒ 40° + x + 85° = 180°

⇒ 125° + x = 180°

⇒ x = 180° – 125° = 55°

∴ x = 55°, y = 40° (a)

Question 24.

The base BC of triangle ABC is produced both ways and the measure of exterior angles formed are 94° and 126°. Then, ∠BAC = ?

(a) 94°

(b) 54°

(c) 40°

(d) 44°

Solution:

In ∆ABC, base BC is produced both ways and ∠ACD = 94°, ∠ABE = 126°

Ext. ∠ACD = ∠BAC + ∠ABC

⇒ 94° = ∠BAC + ∠ABC

Similarly, ∠ABE = ∠BAC + ∠ACB

⇒ 126° = ∠BAC + ∠ACB

Adding,

94° + 126° = ∠BAC + ∠ABC + ∠ACB + ∠BAC

220° = 180° + ∠BAC

∴ ∠BAC = 220° -180° = 40° (c)

Question 25.

If the bisectors of the acute angles of a right triangle meet at O, then the angle at O between the two bisectors is

(a) 45°

(b) 95°

(c) 135°

(d) 90°

Solution:

In right ∆ABC, ∠A = 90°

Bisectors of ∠B and ∠C meet at O, then 1

∠BOC = 90° + \(\frac { 1 }{ 2 }\) ∠A

= 90°+ \(\frac { 1 }{ 2 }\) x 90° = 90° + 45°= 135° (c)

Question 26.

The bisects of exterior angles at B and C of ∆ABC, meet at O. If ∠A = .x°, then ∠BOC=

Solution:

In ∆ABC, ∠A = x°

and bisectors of ∠B and ∠C meet at O.

Question 27.

In a ∆ABC, ∠A = 50° and BC is produced to a point D. If the bisectors of ∠ABC and ∠ACD meet at E, then ∠E =

(a) 25°

(b) 50°

(c) 100°

(d) 75°

Solution:

In ∆ABC, ∠A = 50°

BC is produced

Bisectors of ∠ABC and ∠ACD meet at ∠E

∴ ∠E = \(\frac { 1 }{ 2 }\) ∠A = \(\frac { 1 }{ 2 }\) x 50° = 25° (a)

Question 28.

The side BC of AABC is produced to a point D. The bisector of ∠A meets side BC in L. If ∠ABC = 30° and ∠ACD =115°,then ∠ALC =

(a) 85°

(b) 72\(\frac { 1 }{ 2 }\) °

(c) 145°

(d) none of these

Solution:

In ∆ABC, BC is produced to D

∠B = 30°, ∠ACD = 115°

Question 29.

In the figure , if l1 || l2, the value of x is

(a) 22 \(\frac { 1 }{ 2 }\)

(b) 30

(c) 45

(d) 60

Solution:

In the figure, l_{1} || l_{2}

EC, EB are the bisectors of ∠DCB and ∠CBA respectively EF is the bisector of ∠GEB

∵ EC and EB are the bisectors of ∠DCB and ∠CBA respectively

∴ ∠CEB = 90°

∴ a + b = 90° ,

and ∠GEB = 90° (∵ ∠CEB = 90°)

2x = 90° ⇒ x = \(\frac { 90 }{ 2 }\) = 45 (c)

Question 30.

In ∆RST (in the figure), what is the value of x?

(a) 40°

(b) 90°

(c) 80°

(d) 100°

Solution:

NCERT Solutions for maths in Video https://www.youtube.com/user/cbsepapers/videos