**NCERT Solutions for class 3 Mathematics Chapter-12 Can We Share ?**

**Share the Grains**

**1.Mummy bird brings 12 grains.**

** How to distribute equally?**

** Mummy bird starts by giving 1 grain to each baby. Then mummy bird gives one more grain to each baby. Each baby has got 2 grains now. How many grains are**

**Ans.** There are 4 baby birds and each baby bird gets 2 grains.

So, number of grains with baby birds = 2×4 = 8

So, number of grains left = 12 – 8 = 4

She puts one more grain in each baby’s mouth. All the grains are finished.

12 grains have been divided among 4 baby birds. Each baby has got 3 grains. 12÷4 = 3

**Try These Now**

**Gopu has 3 plates of jalebis.**

** Each plate has a different number of jalebis.**

**Now draw the jalebis on the plates below, so that each plate has the same number of jalebis.**

**1.How many jalebis are there altogether?**

**Ans.** 1 + 5 + 3 = 9 jalebis.

**2.How many jalebis are there in each plate?**

**Ans.** 3 jalebis.

**3.Discuss in the class how you found the answer.**

**Ans.** Total number of jalebis = 1 + 5 + 3 = 9

Total number of jalebis is divided into 3 equal parts:

9÷3 = 3

So, each plate gets 3 jalebis.

**Sharing Them Equally?**

**Here are six bananas.**

** Here are three monkeys.**

** If they share the bananas equally, each monkey will get 2 bananas.**

** 6 bananas divided into 3 equal parts = 2 bananas each 6 + 3 = 2**

** If there are six bananas and two monkeys,**

** Each monkey will get three bananas.**

** Six bananas + 2 = 3 bananas each.**

** 6 ÷2 = 3**

**1.If there are 60 bananas and two monkeys, how many will each monkey get?**

**Ans.** 60 ÷ 2 = 30 bananas

So, each monkey will get 30 bananas.

**2.What if there are 600 bananas and two monkeys?**

**Ans.** 600 ÷ 2 = 300 bananas

So, each monkey will get 300 bananas.

Five friends found 10 five-rupee coins on the ground. They shared them equally. Each friend got ten rupees.

50 ÷ 5 = 10

If there are 16 ten-rupee notes and four friends to share, then 16 ÷ 4 = 4 ten-rupee notes and 4 x 10 = 40. So, each friend gets 4 x 10 = 40

rupees.

**1.Five friends found ? 100. If they share it equally, how much will each get?**

**Ans.**100÷ 5 = 20.

**2. Hari Prasad has 30 metres of rope.**

**He distributes it equally among his three children. Each child gets———–metres of rope.**

**Ans.** 30÷3 = 10 metres.

**3.If there is 36 metres of rope, how much of rope will each child get?**

**Ans.** 36 ÷ 3 = 12 metres.

**4.If there is 60 metres of rope, how much will each child get?**

**Ans.** 60 ÷ 3 = 20 metres.

**How Many Shelves?**

**1.I have 20 books. I can keep 5 books in one shelf, so how many shelves do I need in my almirah?**

**Ans.** 20÷5 = 4 shelves.

**Practice Time**

**1. Minku puts her 15 laddoos equally into 5 boxes.**

** (i)How many laddoos will there be in each box?**

**Ans.** 15 ÷ 5 = 3 laddoos in each box.

**(ii)If she uses only 3 boxes, how many laddoos will there be in each box?**

**Ans.** 15 ÷ 3 = 5 laddoos in each box.

**2.Share 25 bananas among 5 monkeys. How many bananas for each monkey?**

**Ans.** 25 ÷5 = 5 bananas for each monkey.

**3.Share 12 balloons among 3 boys. How many balloons for each boy?**

**Ans.** 12÷ 3 = 4 balloons for each boy.

**4.There are 21 candles. Put them equally in 3 boxes. How many candles are there in each box?**

**Ans.** 21 ÷ 3 = 7 candles in each box.

**5.There are 18 socks. How many girls can wear these socks?**

**Ans.** One girl wears 2 socks.

So, 18÷ 2 = 9 girls can wear these socks.

Raj has 36 minutes to make rotis. One roti takes 3 minutes.

**6.How many rotis can he make in this time?**

**Ans.** 36 ÷ 3 = 12

So, Raj can make 12 rotis in this time.

**7.There are 24 foot marks of goats. So, how many goats are there?**

**Ans.** 1 goat will make 4 foot marks , So, 24 -r 4 = 6 goats are there.

**8.Some girls are playing a game with both their hands. The girls,“who are playing, ! have 60 fingers; altogether. How many girls are playing this game?**

**Ans.** Each girl has 10 fingers.

So, 60 ÷10 = 6 girls are playing this game.

**9.Lakshmi has 27 kg potatoes to sell. Three men came and bought equal amounts—————of potatoes. Each man bought kg of potatoes.**

**Ans.** 27 ÷ 3 = 9 kg of potatoes.

**Jumpy Animals**

**1.In how many jumps will the frog reach 30?**

**Ans.** 30÷2 = 15.

**2.In how many jumps will the squirrel reach 27?**

**Ans.** 27÷ 3 = 9.

**3.Which number will the kangaroo reach in two jumps?**

**Ans.** 30 x 2 = 60

**4.Who all will meet at the number 15?**

**Ans.** Squirrel, rabbit, horse.

Explanation: One jump of squirrel is 3 steps and 15 is divisible by 3 One jump of rabbit is 5 steps and 15 is divisible by 5 One jump of horse is 15 steps.

So, all these three animals can meet at the number 15.

**5.Will the rabbit ever be at the number 18?**

**Ans.** No.

Explanation: One jump of rabbit is 5 steps and 18 is not divisible by 5. So, rabbit can never reach number 18.

**6.How many jumps of the rabbit equal one jump of the horse?**

**Ans.** One jump of horse = 15 steps One jump of rabbit = 5 steps

So, 15÷ 5 = 3 jumps of rabbit equal one jump of the horse.

**7.How’ many jumps of the horse equal two jumps of the kangaroo?**

**Ans.** One jump of kangaroo = 30 steps

So, two jumps of kangaroo = 30 x 2 = 60 steps One jump of horse = 15 steps

So, 60 ÷15 = 4 jumps of horse equal two jumps of kangaroo.

**8.Which is the smallest number where the frog and the squirrel will meet?**

**Ans.** One jump of frog = 2 steps

One jump of squirrel = 3 steps And, 2×3 = 6

So; the smallest number where the frog and the squirrel will meet is 6.

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