Nationalism in India VSAQ CBSE Class 10 Social Sciences
Very Short Answer Type Questions (VSAQ)
Q.1. When did Mahatma Gandhi return to India ?
Q.2. Name any two methods used by Gandhiji to fight against the Britishers.
Ans. (i) Satyagraha (ii) Non-Violence.
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Q.3. Name any four places where Satyagraha was launched by Gandhiji.
Ans. (i) Champaran – Bihar
(ii) Kheda – Gujarat
(iii) Ahmedabad – Gujarat
(iv) South Africa
Q.4. Name the Act which gave enormous powers to the government to repress political activities.
Ans. Rowlatt Act.
Q.5. Name the General who was responsible for the Jallianwala Bagh incident.
Ans. General Dyer.
Q.6. Why did Mahatma Gandhi call off Rowlatt Satyagraha ?
Ans. Gandhiji called off Rowlatt Satyagraha due to spread of violence.
Q.7. What was Rowlatt Act ? [CBSE 2014]
Ans. It was the black act which gave the government I and the police to repress political activities, and allowed detention of political prisoners without trial for two years.
Q.8. How did Mahatma Gandhi react against the Rowlatt Act ?
Ans. Mahatma Gandhi decided to launch a non – violent Civil Disobedience Movement against the unjust law.
Q.9. Mention the limitation of Rowlatt Satyagraha.
Ans. (i) It was limited mostly in cities and towns.
(ii) People started using violent methods so Gandhiji had to call off the Satyagraha.
Q.10. Why was the Khilafat Committee formed ?
Ans. The Khilafat Committee was formed to defend the khalifa’s temporal powers.
Q.11. Who was the writer of the book ‘Hind Swaraj
Ans. Mahatma Gandhi.
Q.12. When was the Non-cooperation Khilafat Movement launched?
Ans. January 1921.
Q.13. Who was Baba Ramchandra ?
Ans. He was a Sanyasi who led Non-cooperation movement in Awadh.
Q.14. What were the major demands of the peasants who participated in the Noncooperation Khilafat movement ? Mention any two ?
Ans. (i) Reduction of revenue.
(ii) Abolition of begar.
Q.15. Why the tribal peasants participated in the Non-cooperation Khilafat movement ?
Ans. The colonial government had closed large forests areas, preventing people from entering the forests to graze their cattle or to collect tueiwood and fruits.
Q.16. What was the Inland Emigration Act of 1859?
Ans. Under the Inland Emigration Act of 1859, plantation workers were not permitted to leave the tea gardens without permission.
Q.17. When was Non-Cooperation Movement withdrawn by Gandhiji ? Give reason.
Ans. The Non Cooperation movement was withdrawn in 1922 because of a violent incident in Chauri Chaura.
Q.18. Who were the founders of the Swaraj Party?
Ans. C.R. Das and Motilal Nehru.
Q.19. Who was Alluri Sitaram Raju ?
Ans. He was a nationalist of Gudem Hills of Andhra Pradesh who lead the Non Cooperation of 1921.
Q.20. What was the course of Dandi March ?
Ans. The march was over 240 miles, from Gandhiji’s ashram in Sabarmati to the Gujarati coastal town of Dandi.
Q.21. Who was Abdul Ghaffar khan ?
Ans. He was a devont disciple of Mahatma Gandhi who lead the Civil Disobedience movement in Peshawar.
Q.22. Name the Commission which was formed to look into the functioning of the constitutional system in India. Who was the President of the Commission.
Ans. Simon Commission. Sir John Simon was the President.
Q.23. What is the importance of the Lahore Congress session of 1929 ?
Ans. It was the session in which the demand of ‘Puma Swaraj’ or full independence for India was made.
Q.24. When and under whose leadership was Civil Disobedience movement launched ?
Ans. The Civil Disobedience Movement was launched in 1930 under the leadership of Mahatma Gandhi.
Q.25. What was the main motive of the Salt March? [CBSE2015]
Ans. To break the Salt law.
Q.26. Which incident marked the beginning of the Civil Disobedience Movement ?
Ans. On 6th April, Mahatma Gandhi ceremonially violated the Salt Act, manufacturing salt by boiling sea water. This incident marked the beginning of the Civil Disobedience Movement.
Q.27. What was Gandhi-Irwin Pact ?
Ans. The pact which was signed between Gandhiji and Lord Irwin on 5th March 1931. Under this pact Gandhiji consented to participate in a Round Table Conference in London whereas government agreed to release all the political prisoners.
Q.28. When was Gandhi Irwin Pact signed ?
Ans. 5th March 1931.
Q.29. Why the rich peasants became enthusiastic supporters of the Civil Disobedience movement?
Ans. For them the fight for Swaraj was a struggle against high revenues.
Q.30. The Congress was unwilling to support ‘no rent’ campaigns during Civil Disobedience movement. Give reason.
Ans. Because it did not want to raise issue that might upset the rich peasants and landlords.
Q.31. Who announced a vague offer of ‘Dominion Status’ for India in 1929 ?
Ans. Viceroy Irwin.
Q.32. Name any two organisations which were formed by the business class to organise their business interests.
Ans. (i) Indian Industrial and Commercial Congress.
(ii) Federation of the Indian Chamber of commerce and Industries.
Q.33. Name any two industrialists who actively participated in the Civil Disobedience movement.
Ans. (i) Purshottamdas Thakurdas
(ii) D. Birla.
Q.34. (i) Why the Congress ignored the dalit’s or oppressed for a long time ?
(ii) Name the national leader who declared that swaraj would not come for a hundred years if untou- chability was not eliminated.
Ans. (i) The Congress had ignored the dalits for fear of offending the sanatanis the conservative high caste Hindus.
(ii) Mahatma Gandhi.
Q.35. Who organised the dalits into the Depressed Classes Association ?
Ans. Dr. B.R. Ambedkar.
Q.36. Why Dr. B.R. Ambedkar clashed with Mahatma Gandhi at the Second Round Table Conference ?
Ans. B.R. Ambedkar clashed over the issue of separate electorates for dalits.
Q.37. Name the Pact which gave the Depressed Classes reserved seats in provincial and central legislative councils.
Ans. Poona Pact signed in 1932.
Q.38. Who created the image of Bharat Mata ?
Who was the author of the novel Anandamath ?
Ans. Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay.
Q.39. Who published a massive four volume collection of Tamil Folk tales, The Folklore of Southern India ?
Ans. Natesa Sastri.