CBSE Class 7 English Grammar – Noun
Noun Examples and Exercises for Class 7 CBSE
Definition of Noun
Naming word is noun.
A word used to show the name of person,thing, quality, idea or state is called noun.
- Jacob is a good athlete. (Name of person)
- Nepal is a beautiful place. (Name of place)
- I have got a glass bottle. (Name of thing)
- Lovers like silence. (Name of quality)
- Death is inevitable. (Name of state)
Noun Chart For Class 7 or Types of Noun
The name given to a particular person, place or thing.
The name given to a noun which is one of a kind or unique in its own.
- Vikramaditya was a just king. (Proper Noun)
- Rajasthan is a sandy area. (Proper Noun)
The name given, to the nouns of a same class is common noun.
- Boys are hardworking. (Common Noun)
- Lions will never eat grass. (Common Noun)
Sometimes proper nouns are used as common nouns when they represent the quality they possess. In such a case we use ‘the’ before the proper noun,
- Rahul is the Sachin of our school.
- Vidya is the Rekha of the club.
Proper noun as common noun
This means Rahul is‘a very good cricketer’, like Sachin.
Proper noun as common noun
This means Vidya is ‘like the heroine Rekha’. Hence, here the proper nouns take article ‘the’.
Names given to the things which we cannot but can weigh or measure are material nouns.
Material objects are not the things in themselves but are used to produce new things from them.
- Gold is a costly metal. (Material Noun)
- Door is made up of plastic. (Material Noun)
Noun that refers to a group, collection or gathering is called collective noun.
- The class seems to be noisy. (Collective Noun)
- A bunch of flowers is beautiful. (Collective Noun)
Noun that is used for the action, state, quality is called abstract noun.
- Hunger made the farmer weary. (Abstract Noun)
- Youth are’the future of the country (Abstract Noun)
Nouns can further be classified as
(i) Countable Nouns
Nouns which can be counted are countable nouns,
- Eggs are sold Rs. 60 a dozen.
- Five new girls are admitted.
Underlined words are examples of countable nouns.
(ii) Uncountable Noun
Nouns which can’t be counted are uncountable nouns.
- Milk is useful for everyone.
- Bread is given to the patients.
Noun : Number
Number is that grammatical entity that tells us about the fact if the noun is just one or more than one.
Types of Number
If the noun is just one in number, it is singular, e.g. cow, boy, place, radio etc.
If the noun is more than one, it is plural, e.g. cows, boys, places, radios etc.
Rules for Changing the Singular into Plural
Nouns that end with a consonant are made plural by adding ‘-s’ to the singular.
Parrot – Parrots
Egg – Eggs
Boat – Boats
Actor – Actors
Cook – Cooks
Hat – Hats
Nouns that end with -s, -ss, -ch pluralised by adding ‘-es’.
Bus – Buses
Glass – Glasses
Bench – Benches
Bush – Bushes
Quiz – Quizzes
Tax – Taxes
Stomach – Stomachs
Monarch – Monarchs
Nouns that end with -o and there is a consonant before -o then plural is made by adding ‘-es’.
Tomato – Tomatoes
Mosquito – Mosquitoes
Mango – Mangoes
Hero – Heroes
Photo – Photos
Zero – Zeros
Nouns that end with -y and there is a consonant before -y, then plural is made by changing ‘y’ to ‘i’ and adding ‘-es’.
Fly – Flies
Story – Stories
Baby – Babies
Family – Families
Copy – Copies
Library – Libraries
Nouns that end with -y and there is a vowel before -y, then plural is made by adding ‘-s’.
Boy – Boys
Day – Days
Key – Keys
Way – Ways
Toy – Toys
Essay – Essays
Nouns that end with double vowel are pluralised by adding ‘-s’.
Tree – Trees
Bee – Bees
Zoo – Zoos
Radio – Radios
Portfolio – Portfolios
Bamboo – Bamboos
Some nouns are pluralised by the change in their inside vowel.
Tooth – Teeth
Foot – Feet
Mouse – Mice
Man – Men
Nouns that end with -f or -fe pluralised by adding ‘-es’ after -f or -fe is changed to ‘-v’.
Knife – Knives
Thief – Thieves
Wife – Wives
Life – Lives
Chief – Chiefs
Proof – Proofs
Scarf – Scarfs/Scarves
Compound nouns are pluralised by adding ‘-s’ to the principal word.
Step-son – Step-sons
Brother-in-law – Brothers-in-law
Pea-cock Pea-cocks – Passer-by Passers-by
Man-servant – Men-servants
Lord-justice – Lord-justices
Nouns that end with ‘-man’ are made plural
changing ‘-man’ into ‘-men’.
Woman – Women
Postman – Postmen
Watchman – Watchmen
Chairman – Chairmen
Milkman – Milkmen
Fellowman – Fellowmen
Types of Gender
Noun : Gender
Gender of a noun denotes the difference they have in terms of their sex.
- Masculine Gender that denotes male sex.
e.g. Boy, Horse, Father
- Feminine Gender that denotes female sex. e.g. Girl, Mare, Mother
- Common Gender that denotes either sex.
e.g. Doctor, Teacher, Child
- Neuter Gender that denotes neuter things or non-living things.
e.g. Pen, Table, Glass
Rules for Changing Masculine into Feminine
Masculine can be changed into feminine by adding ‘-ess’.
Poet – Poetess
Lion – Lioness
Host – Hostess
Giant – Giantess
God – Goddess
In some nouns,- ending in ‘r’, after
Masculine can be changed into feminine by adding ‘-ess’ removing the ‘vowel’ before the last letter.
Tiger – Tigress
Monitor – Monitress
Masculine can be changed into the feminine by using a completely different word.
Actor – Actress
Editor – Editress
King – Queen
Hero – Heroine
Uncle – Aunt
Husband – Wife
Feminine of the compound nouns are made by changing the masculine word of the compound noun that comes to the front.
She-bear – He-bear
Cow-calf – Bull-calf
She-goat – He-goat
Daughter-in-law – Son-in-law
Feminine of some masculine are made by removing the last vowel and consonant and then by adding ‘-ess’.
Governor – Governess
Murderer – Murderess
Duke – Duke
Compound nouns change their gender by changing masculine word into feminine coming later.
Headmaster – Headmistress
Grandfather – Grandmother
Milkman – Milkmaid
Peacock – Peahen
Practice Questions on Nouns For Class 7 and Solutions
In the sentences given below identify nouns and state what type of noun it is.
- A dog likes to eat bread.
- Police have given a grand party to public.
- The monitor told the class to keep mum.
- Hari likes to read Indian story always.
- The Ganga flows from the Himalayas.
- A Bengal tiger looks great.
- A man was standing there.
- Players were playing football.
- Oranges are a costly fruit.
- Eggs were broken by a boy.
- Noun dog Common noun
Noun bread Common noun
- Noun police Collective
Noun public Collective noun
- Noun monitor Common noun
Noun class Collective noun
Noun mum Abstract noun
- Noun Hari Proper noun
Noun Indian story Proper noun
- Noun Ganga, Himalaya Proper Noun
- Noun Bengal tiger Proper noun
- Noun Man Common noun
- Noun Players Common noun
Noun Football Proper noun
- Noun Oranges Proper noun
Noun Fruit Common noun
- Noun Eggs Common noun
Noun Boy Common noun
In the sentences given below some nouns are countable and some are uncountable. Find the noun and state what type it is.
- Hari bought rice and pulse for himself.
- Maruti is selling a number of cars.
- The forest has many trees to cut.
- Cow gives us milk to drink.
- Labourer works hard to finish the work.
- I love the sweets that are attractive.
- Water is a very precious mineral.
- The apples he bought were very raw.
- There are many ways to solve a question.
- A stampede occurred yesterday due to the crowd.
- Uncountable pulse, rice (Material noun)
- Countable car (Common noun)
- Countable trees (Common noun)
- Countable cow (Common noun)
Uncountable milk (Material noun)
- Countable laborer (Common noun)
- Uncountable sweets (Common noun)
- Uncountable water (Material noun)
- Countable apples (Proper noun)
- Countable many ways, question (Common noun)
- Countable crowd (Collective noun)
Fill in the blanks with suitable words.
- A swarm of ………… are flying all around.
- A …………… of musicians were performing.
- Farmers keep a ……….. of buffaloes.
- A …………. of girls could be seen here always.
- The house was on the target by a gang of ……………
- The board of ………….. decided to postpone it.
- Mr Arora booked ………….. of rooms in a hotel.
- A troop of ………….. looks elegant on the go.
- Forests show you a clump of …………..
- The minister crossed with a heavy fleet of …………..
- a suite
Make the plurals of the nouns given below.
- Prime Minister
- Prime Ministers
Match the following.
(i) (d) (ii) (a)
(iii) (e) (iv) (b)
Fill in the blanks using the opposite gender of the noun given in the bracket.
- She likes the ………… of this movie. (hero)
- It is a ritual to ride a ………….. during the wedding procession. (horse)
- Farmers keep the …………. for the production of egg. (cock)
- The …………. didn’t respond to the call, (waitress)
- The …………. killed the wild beast easily. (huntress)
- A …………… can give birth to four puppies, (dog)
- Life for a ………….. is luxurious. (queen)
- The ………….. presented his poems. (poetess)
- Katrina is a beautiful …………… (actor)
- The …………. delivers milk to us daily, (milkman)
In the given sentences identify the case of the noun.
- Prime Minister is going to Japan today.
- Flowers smell so good.
- Father teaches the child in the night.
- Mohit is busy with school’s work.
- The judge will sentence the thief later.
- Anshu refused this on conscience’s call.
- Vijay decorates the house beautifully.
- Jenifer’s decision can’t be changed now.
- Sadhna is listening to Rahman’s music.
- Umpire declared the batsman out now.
- Subject – Prime Minister
- Subject – Flowers
- Subject – Father
Object – Child
- Subject – Mohit
Possession – School’s
- Subject – The judge
Object – The thief
- Subject – Anshu
Possession – Conscience’s
- Subject – Vijay
Object – House
- Possession – Jenifer’s
- Subject – Sadhna
Possession – Rahman’s
- Subject – Umpire
Object – Batsman