Social Civics CBSE Class 10 Gender, Religion and Caste VSAQ
Q.1. What do you mean by sexual division of labour ?
Ans. A system in which all work inside the home is either done by the women of the family, or organised by them through the domestic helpers.
Q.2. What are feminist movements ? [CBSE 2014]
Ans. The movements which aimed at equality of men and women in all spheres of life.
Q.3. Define sex ratio.
Ans. Number of girl children per thousand boys.
Q.4. What is sex ratio of India ?
Ans. 940 (Census 2011).
Q.5. Name any two countries in which the participation of woman in public life is very high.
Ans. Sweden and Norway
Q.6. What is patriarchal society ?
Ans. This is a system that values men more and gives them power over women.
Q.7. What is literacy rate among men and women in India ?
Ans. Men – 76%
Women = 65.46%
Q.8. What is Equal Wages Act ?
Ans. According to this Act equal wages should be paid to equal work.
Q.9. Mention any two basis of social division in India.
Ans. (i) Religion (ii) Community
Q.10. Who said, “Religion can never be separted from politics ?”
Q.11. What are family laws ? [CBSE 2014]
Ans. Those laws that deal with family related matters such as marriage, divorce, adoption, inheritance, etc. In our country, different family law apply to followers of different religions.
Q.12. What were Gandhiji’s views regarding religion and politics ?
Ans. Gandhiji used to say that religion can never be separated from politics. What he meant by religion was not any particular religion like Hinduism or Islam but moral values that form the basis of all religions. He believed that politics must be guided by ethics drawn from religions.
Q.13. ‘The most common expression of commu- nalism is in every-day beliefs’. Explain.
Ans. These routinely involves religious prejudices, stereotypes of religious communities and belief in the superiority of one’s religion over other religions.
Q.14. ‘Political mobilisation on religious line is frequent form of communalism’. Explain.
Ans. Political mobilisation on communal lines involves the use of sacred symbols, religious leaders, emotional appeal and plain fear in order to bring the followers of one religion together in the political arena. In electoral politics this often involves special appeal to the interests or emotions of voters of one religion in preference to others.
Q.15. What is a secular state ? [CBSE 2014]
Ans. A state in which the constitution provides to all individuals and communities freedom to profess, practice and propogate any religion, or not to follow any.
Q.16. Mention any two provisions of Indian Constitution which makes India a secular state.
Ans. (i) There is no official religion for the Indian state,
(ii) The Constitution prohibits discrimination on grounds of religion.
Q.17. Name any four social reformers who advocated and worked to establish a society in which caste inequalities are absent.
Ans. Jotiba Phule, Gandhiji, B.R. Ambedkar and Periyar Ramaswami.
Q.18. Suggest any two ways to break caste hierarchy.
Ans. (i) Spread of education
Q.19. Write the appropriate term :
(i) A person who says that religion is the principal basis of community.
(ii) A person who believes in equal rights and opportunities for women and men.
Ans. (i) Communalist (ii) Feminist.
Q.20. What is the population percentage of Scheduled castes according to 2001 census? [CBSE 2012]
Q.21. What is communalism ?
Ans. It is a situation when a particular community tries to promote its own interests at the cost of other communities.
Q.22. What is the basis of communal politics ?
Ans. Communal politics is based on the idea that religion is the principal basis of social community.
Q.23. Mention any one provision in the Indian Constitution which makes India a secular state.
Ans. Under the Right to Freedom of Religion all citizens are free to profess, practise and propogate any religion, or not to follow any.