CBSE Class 10 Social Sciences Civics Federalism Notes
♦ Union List: Subjects of national importance like defence, foreign affairs, atomic energy, banking, post and telegraph, are included in the Union List. The central government can pass laws on the subjects mentioned in the Union List.
♦ State List : It comprises those important subjects on which the state government can pass laws. Subjects like police, local government, trade and commerce within the state and agriculture are included in the State List.
♦ Concurrent List : The Concurrent List comprises the subjects which are of common concern both to the centre, and the state governments. Ordinarily, both the central and the state governments can frame laws on these subjects.
♦ Residuary Powers : Matters which are not included in the division of powers, are known as residuary powers.
♦ Jurisdiction : The area over which someone has legal authority. The area may be defined in terms of geographical boundaries or in terms of certain kinds of subjects.